Civil Engineering home provides civil engineering information resource for students and construction professionals. Topics covered in Civil Engineering are Concrete Technology, Building Technology, Construction Management, Construction Guides, How to Guides to help various applications of civil engineering at site, Structural Engineering inlcuding structural design tips, Environmental Engineering. We have tried to cover almost all the aspects of civil engineering and would continue to grow with more and more resources for civil engineers around the world.
What is sustainability in construction and civil engineering? Sustainability in construction and civil engineering is the optimization of construction activities in a way that does not have harmful effects on resources, surroundings and living ecosystem. It is a way of minimizing harmful environmental impacts of construction projects. Construction involves activities like use of building materials […]
Non-destructive testing of masonry structures is not common in practice. However methods of NDT testing of masonry structures are available which can be used for evaluation of existing masonry structures when visual inspection is not sufficient or is not reliable. Appearance of cracks in masonry structure is a clear indication of distress and deterioration […]
Soil nailing is a construction technique used to reinforce soil to make it more stable. Soil nailing is used for slopes, excavations, retaining walls etc. to make it more stable. In this technique, soil is reinforced with slender elements such as reinforcing bars which are called as nails. These reinforcing bars are installed into pre-drilled […]
Types of foundation failure depend on the load it is subjected to. A foundation can fail in three different ways under loads and they are: Punching shear failure of foundation One-way shear failure of foundation Flexure failure of foundation. The above three modes of foundation failure should be checked during design stage of concrete foundation […]
Design of earth dams starts with calculation of forces acting on the dam structure. The loads acting on earth dams is same as loads acting on gravity dams. Earth dams are made of non-rigid materials i.e. soil. Fig: Earth Dam Structure The design principles of earth dams: 1. The filling material to be used for […]
There are three types of tendering methods in construction – by open tendering, selective tendering, or by negotiation. Open Tendering Methods in Construction: Under open tendering the employer advertises his proposed project, and permits as many contractors as are interested to apply for tender documents. Sometimes he calls for a deposit from applicants, the deposit […]
Pile foundation selection depends on the soil data received from soil exploration bore holes at different depths. Selection of pile foundation types and length depends on following conditions: Soil conditions Loads from structures Nature of loads Number of piles to be used Cost of construction There are three types of pile foundation based on load […]