**GATE – Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering**

The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an all -India Examination conducted by the six Indian Institutes of Technology and Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, on behalf of the National Coordinating Board – GATE, Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD), Government of India.

**OBJECTIVES OF GATE**

- Identify, at the National level, meritorious and motivated candidates for admission to Postgraduate Programmes in Engineering, Technology, Architecture, Science and Pharmacy.
- Serve as a mandatory qualification for the MHRD scholarship/assistantship.
- Serve as benchmark of normalization of the Undergraduate Engineering Education in the

country.

**Why should we take GATE:**

To pursue M.Tech program in a leading institute of the country. The benefits of M.Tech are:

- More and better companies are coming for Campus Placement in leading Institutes
- Higher salaries are being offered for M.Tech as compared to B.E.
- M.Tech degree leads to specialization and furthering of interest in a certain area which may lead to Ph.D
- M.Tech degree is a must for those wishing to apply for Faculty/Research positions in educational Institutes/R&D centers.
- Scholarship is paid during M.Tech, so no headache to parents for financial requirements.
- The M.Tech program is a 3 semester (18 months) program; so get more time to work out career opportunities.
- MOST IMPORTANTLY to get to be a part of any Nationally reputed Educational Institute and enjoy learning and research.

**Important Dates:**

- Availability of GATE forms: October, 1
^{st}week - Last Date for filling up forms: November, 1
^{st}week - Exam Date: 2
^{nd}Sunday of February - Results: March last week.

General Information and Results are also published on the Web.

**Examination Details:**

- The examination is a single paper of 3 hours duration and generally consists of Section A (Objective Type) which is of 75 marks and Section B (Problem Type) which is of 75 marks. Total: 150 marks.
- You have to opt for your subject and study as per the syllabus mentioned in the GATE brochure (available in the Library).
- The subjects of our interest are Computer Science and Engineering, Electronics & Communication Engineering., Electrical Engineering and Instrumentation Engineering. Other subjects are also available such as Mathematics, Physics, etc (consult the GATE brochure).
- Generally a large number of students appear for the Computer Science subject in order to do a M.Tech in Computer Science.
- Old question papers are available in the shops.
- Results of qualified candidates in GATE will give All India Rank and indicate percentile score. For example, a percentile score of 99 means you are in the top 1% category of the candidates who appeared for GATE.
- Candidates who get less than 70 percentile get no score card.
- GATE scores are valid for 2 years. You may reappear the GATE exam if you are not satisfied with the earlier score and the new score (if better than the old one) will be used for admission purposes.

**New in GATE 2010**

**New Paper introduced in GATE 2010**: Biotechnology (BT) has been introduced as an independent paper from GATE 2010.**Common Component of General Aptitude (GA) introduced in GATE 2010**: Each GATE paper shall have a common General Aptitude (GA) component carrying 15 marks from GATE 2010.**Papers to be discontinued from GATE 2010 onwards**:- Due to introduction of an independent paper in Biotechnology (BT), the Biotechnology section in Life Sciences (XL) paper has been discontinued from GATE 2010.
- There will not be GATE 2010 examination in Pharmaceutical Sciences (PY) paper. For more information about the organization which will be conducting a GATE like examination for PY, the candidates are advised to visit GATE 2010 website from time to time.

**ONLINE Examination for TF and MN paper**:- Computer based ONLINE examination for the paper with code TF will be held in Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Mumbai and Roorkee on February 07, 2010 (Sunday) from 09.30 hrs to 12.30 hrs
- Computer based ONLINE examination for the paper with code MN will be held in Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Mumbai and Roorkee on February 07, 2010 (Sunday) from 14.30 hrs to 17.30 hrs

: Online payment is possible through HDFC bank payment gateway using Mastercard or Visa credit cards, and debit cards of certain banks as listed on the web site. Offline payment is also possible through a demand draft.*Online*Application form with online payment option**New Examination Cities included**:- IIT Bombay Zone: Loni, Pandharpur.
- IIT Delhi Zone: Dausa, Mahesana.
- IIT Guwahati Zone: Tezpur.
- IIT Madras Zone: Chittor, Gudur, Karimnagar, Khammam, Kothagudem, Nalgonda
- IIT Roorkee Zone: Muzaffarnagar

**New Bank Branches included for selling Information Brochure and GATE 2010 Application Forms**:- IISc Bangalore Zone: Bangalore (Jayanagar)
- IIT Bombay Zone: Loni (Near Swami Samarth Mandir), Pandharpur (Sawarkar Road), Shegaon
- IIT Delhi Zone: Ahmedabad (Maninagar), Chandigarh (Sector 34A), Jaipur (Malviya Nagar), New Delhi (R. K. Puram; Mayur Vihar-I), Surat (Ghod Dod Raod)
- IIT Guwahati Zone: Bongaigaon (Main), Tezpur(Main)
- IIT Kharagpur Zone: Visakhapatnam (Dabagarden)
- IIT Madras Zone: Gudur, Karimnagar, Khammam, Kothagudem, Nalgonda
- IIT Roorkee Zone: Agra (Gandhi Ashram)

**After the Exam, what next:**

- After publication of GATE results, students must apply to individual Institutes to get their application forms.
- Institutes advertise M.Tech admissions in leading newspapers from 1
^{st}April till end July. However some Institutes do not advertise and therefore students have to get the forms themselves. - In the application forms, you have to mention your GATE score alongwith other details.
- The concerned Institute may conduct written test and/or interview for the purpose of admission.
- General thumb rules: If your Gate score in Computer Science is 96 percentile or more then you can try for IITs, if between 85 – 96 percentile, then apply for top RECs, JADAVPUR, SHIBPUR, ROORKEE, etc. If less than 85, you have to look for appropriate institutes.
- If your Rank is around 200 you will get seat in IIT’s and IISc (For IISc there will be separate entrance examination and you should apply for that. Please visit Indian Institute of Science (IISc).
- If you join IISc & IIT you will be provided with a Stipend package of Rs.9000 to 12000 per month.
- For other universities/institution and the study center don’t worry about GATE Score and Rank. If you qualified you will be eligible to apply.
- If you join other than IIT, Stipend package will depend on the institution/guide.
- Before selecting your area of Research for your Ph.D., you should have overall idea about the department and institution.
- For M.Tech & Ph.D you have to apply separately.
- If you qualified GATE with low score, you just send an e-mail to all faculties of various universities along with your resume. Then only you can have bright chance of getting seat in that institution.

**Scholarship:**

During the pursuit of M.Tech, you are paid a scholarship of Rs. 5000.00 per month by the Government of India. This amount is enough for living expenses including purchase of books, etc. The scholarship is paid for the entire 18 months M.Tech period.

**SPECIAL:**

I encourage 3^{rd} year students to also appear GATE alongwith Final Year students since:

- GATE score is valid for 2 years.
- The syllabus as required by GATE is generally over by 5
^{th}semester. - Anyway, it will be a good try ! If it is a bad score you can always try again.
- Sorry for those who couldn’t apply for GATE 2010, the application deadline is over :(

CIVIL ENGINEERING syllabus includes

**Engineering Mathematics**

** **

**Linear Algebra**: Matrix algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and eigenvectors.

** **

**Calculus**: Functions of single variable, Limit, continuity and differentiability, Mean value theorems, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial derivatives, Total derivative, Maxima and minima, Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.

** **

**Differential equations**: First order equations (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Initial and boundary value problems, Laplace transforms, Solutions of one dimensional heat and wave equations and Laplace equation.

** **

**Complex variables**: Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem, Taylor and Laurent series.

** **

**Probability and Statistics**: Definitions of probability and sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Poisson, Normal and Binomial distributions.

** **

**Numerical Methods**: Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule, single and multi-step methods for differential equations.

**Structural Engineering**

**Mechanics:** Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams. Simple stress and strain relationship: Stress and strain in two dimensions, principal stresses, stress transformation, Mohr’s circle. Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, unsymmetrical bending, shear centre. Thin walled pressure vessels, uniform torsion, buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses.

** **

**Structural Analysis:**Analysis of statically determinate trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames, displacements in statically determinate structures and analysis of statically indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods, analysis by displacement methods (slope deflection and moment distribution methods), influence lines for determinate and indeterminate structures. Basic concepts of matrix methods of structural analysis.

** **

**Concrete Structures: **Concrete Technology- properties of concrete, basics of mix design. Concrete design- basic working stress and limit state design concepts, analysis of ultimate load capacity and design of members subjected to flexure, shear, compression and torsion by limit state methods. Basic elements of prestressed concrete, analysis of beam sections at transfer and service loads.

** **

**Steel Structures:** Analysis and design of tension and compression members, beams and beam- columns, column bases. Connections- simple and eccentric, beam’column connections, plate girders and trusses. Plastic analysis of beams and frames.

**Geotechnical Engineering **

**Soil Mechanics:**Origin of soils, soil classification, three-phase system, fundamental definitions, relationship and interrelationships, permeability & seepage, effective stress principle, consolidation, compaction, shear strength.

** **

**Foundation Engineering: **Sub-surface investigations- scope, drilling bore holes, sampling, penetration tests, plate load test. Earth pressure theories, effect of water table, layered soils. Stability of slopes-infinite slopes, finite slopes. Foundation types-foundation design requirements. Shallow foundations-bearing capacity, effect of shape, water table and other factors, stress distribution, settlement analysis in sands & clays. Deep foundations pile types, dynamic & static formulae, load capacity of piles in sands & clays, negative skin friction.

**Water Resources Engineering **

**Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics:** Properties of fluids, principle of conservation of mass, momentum, energy and corresponding equations, potential flow, applications of momentum and Bernoulli’s equation, laminar and turbulent flow, flow in pipes, pipe networks. Concept of boundary layer and its growth. Uniform flow, critical flow and gradually varied flow in channels, specific energy concept, hydraulic jump. Forces on immersed bodies, flow measurements in channels, tanks and pipes. Dimensional analysis and hydraulic modeling. Kinematics of flow, velocity triangles and specific speed of pumps and turbines.

** **

**Hydrology:** Hydrologic cycle, rainfall, evaporation, infiltration, stage discharge relationships, unit hydrographs, flood estimation, reservoir capacity, reservoir and channel routing. Well hydraulics.

** **

**Irrigation:** Duty, delta, estimation of evapo-transpiration. Crop water requirements. Design of: lined and unlined canals, waterways, head works, gravity dams and spillways. Design of weirs on permeable foundation. Types of irrigation system, irrigation methods. Water logging and drainage, sodic soils.

**Environmental Engineering**

** Water requirements: **Quality standards, basic unit processes and operations for water treatment. Drinking water standards, water requirements, basic unit operations and unit processes for surface water treatment, distribution of water. Sewage and sewerage treatment, quantity and characteristics of wastewater. Primary, secondary and tertiary treatment of wastewater, sludge disposal, effluent discharge standards. Domestic wastewater treatment, quantity of characteristics of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment Unit operations and unit processes of domestic wastewater, sludge disposal.

** **

**Air Pollution: **Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution meteorology, air pollution control, air quality standards and limits.

** **

**Municipal Solid Wastes:** Characteristics, generation, collection and transportation of solid wastes, engineered systems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy recovery, treatment and disposal).

**Noise Pollution:** Impacts of noise, permissible limits of noise pollution, measurement of noise and control of noise pollution.

**Transportation Engineering**

** Highway Planning:** Geometric design of highways, testing and specifications of paving materials, design of flexible and rigid pavements.

** **

**Traffic Engineering: **Traffic characteristics, theory of traffic flow, intersection design, traffic signs and signal design, highway capacity.

**Surveying**

** **Importance of surveying, principles and classifications, mapping concepts, coordinate system, map projections, measurements of distance and directions, leveling, theodolite traversing, plane table surveying, errors and adjustments, curves.