PROJECT QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN CONSTRUCTION


Project quality management in construction has become essential in modern construction practices and has incorporated quality management principles and initiatives in their activities. Quality management systems such as ISO 9000 series of standards require incessant monitoring of construction processes.

Many quality management tools are available for quality management in construction. Detailed analysis using these tools provides opportunities for improvements in costing and time deadline issues. Critical areas can be studied by WBS and functional unit analysis focused in the main activities.

Problem solving for quality management in construction can be achieved by tools like combination of brainstorming sessions, Fishbone diagrams and Pareto analysis.
 
It is common for a construction project to get delayed and reason for the same can be many. It is essential to analyze the various factors which contribute to the delaying a project. Doing the analysis in a scientific manner, the impact, timing and the contributing effects of each the causes for the construction project delay can be studied and prevented.
 
The delay in construction project execution can become a burden for construction companies as they may have to pay the owners fine for the delay as per the terms of the contract. So, the analysis becomes necessary to avoid those fines.
 
Following are the methods to track the Project Scheduling:

Gantt chart
Also Called milestones chart, project bar chart, activity chart. A Gantt chart is a bar chart that shows the tasks of a project, when each must take place and how long each will take. As the project progresses, bars are shaded to show which tasks have been completed. People assigned to each task also can be represented. When to Use:

  • When scheduling and monitoring tasks within a project.
  • When communicating plans or status of a project.
  • When the steps of the project or process, their sequence and their duration are known.
  • When it’s not necessary to show which tasks depend on completion of previous tasks.

Project management software

Primavera Project Planner

i. Control large and complex projects efficiently. Primavera is designed to handle large-scale, highly sophisticated and multifaceted projects. To organize projects up to 100,000 activities, P3 provides unlimited resources and an unlimited number of target plans. Massive data requires sophisticated, yet highly flexible organization tools. P3 gives you a multitude of ways to organize, filter and sort activities, projects, and resources.

ii. Manage multiple projects in a multiuser environment. Large, multi-disciplined project teams. High intensity, short duration projects. Critical projects sharing limited resources. Primavera can help manage them all. It offers a single database solution (ODBC-compliant) that provides simultaneous access to project files by multiple users throughout the project; whenever and wherever required. Web features also make it easy to keep the whole team informed.

iii. Compatible with other programs in the corporation. Primavera offers impressive capability for integrating its data with information throughout the company. It supports a wide variety of data exchange formats. You can cut and paste with other Windows applications, or use Object Linking and Embedding (OLE) to link information from other applications. P3 provides true Client/Server operation for accelerated processing and SQL access for reporting on the project database.

Construction Project Quality Tools:

Some of the most important and most commonly used quality tools are:

  • Plan–Do–Check–Act Cycle
  • Fishbone Diagram
  • Pareto Chart
  • Scatter Diagram
  • Decision Matrix
  • Flowchart
  • Stratification
  • Control Chart
  • Histogram
  • Brainstorming
  • Tree Diagram

Construction Project Progress

 

Pareto Analysis of Construction Project Activities

fig.:Pareto Analysis of Construction Project Activities

Pareto Analysis of Construction Project Activities

fig: Pareto Analysis of Construction Project Activities

Pareto Analysis of Construction Project Activities

Fig: Pareto Analysis of Construction Project Activities

Fishbone Analysis

Cause and Effect Diagram – Fishbone Analysis of the COST

Cause and Effect Diagram - Fishbone Analysis of the COST

Cause and Effect Diagram – Fishbone Analysis of the DELAYS

Cause and Effect Diagram - Fishbone Analysis of the DELAYS



12 COMMENTS

  1. مقال رائع حول إستخدام الأدوات السبع الأساية للجودة في مجال الإنشاءات
    Excellent reference for the use of the seven basic quality tools in Construction industry
    A must read for those working in the construction industry especially in the Arab world

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