# VARIABLE HEAD PERMEABILITY TEST OF SOIL

TO DETERMINE THE PERMEABILITY OF A SOIL SPECIMEN BY THE VARIABLE HEAD PERMEAMETER

Theory:

The variable head permeameter is used to measure the permeability of relatively less pervious soils. The coefficient of permeability is given by

Where = initial head, = final head, t= time interval, a= cross-sectional area of the liquid stand pipe, A=cross-sectional area of the specimen, L= length of specimen.

Equipment:

All equipment required for constant head Permeability test and the following:

1. Graduated glass stand pipe and the clamp

2. Supporting frame for the stand pipe and the clamp

Procedure:

Steps 1 to 14 same as Constant head permeability test.

15. Connect the stand pipe of suitable diameter to the inlet at the top. Fill the stand pipe with water.

16. Open the stop cock at the top and allow the water to flow out till all the air in the mould is removed.

17. Close the stop cock and allow the water from the stand pipe to flow through the soil specimen.

18. Select the heights, and measured above the centre of the outlet such that their difference is about 300 to 400mm. mark the level corresponding to a height .

19. Open the valve and start the stop watch. Record the time interval for the head to fall from to and also from to . These two time intervals will be equal if the steady conditions have established.

20. Repeat the steps (19) atleast twice after changing the heights and .

21. Stop the flow of water. Disconnect all the parts.

22. Take a small quantity of the soil specimen for water content determination

DATA SHEET FOR VARIABLE HEAD PERMEAMETER TEST

Length of specimen=

Diameter of specimen =

Volume of specimen =

Water content =

Diameter of stand pipe =

Area of stand pipe =

Specific gravity of solids =

 Sl. No. Observations and Calculations Determination No. 1 2 3 Observation 1 Mass of empty mould with base plate 2 Mass of mould, soil and base plate 3 Initial head 4 Final head 5 Head 6 Time interval to to to . Calculations 7 Mass of soil = (2) – (1) 8 Bulk Density 9 Dry density 10 Void ratio 11

Result:

Coefficient of permeability of the given soil = ____mm/sec.