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RELEVANCE OF CONSTRUCTION SCHEDULES

In addition to assigning dates to project activities, project scheduling is intended to match the resources of equipment, materials and labor with project work tasks over time. Good scheduling can eliminate problems due to production bottlenecks, facilitate the timely procurement ...

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BASIC ELEMENTS OF EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT DESIGN

Structures on the earth are generally subjected to load of two types static and dynamic. Static loads are constant with time while dynamic loads are time varying. The majority of civil engineering structures are designed with assumptions that all applied ...

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GUIDELINES FOR EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT DESIGN

An earthquake is vibration of earth surface by waves emerging from the source of disturbance in the earth by virtue of release of energy in the earth’s crust. It is essentially a sudden and transient motion or series of motions ...

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METHODS OF ANALYSIS OF FRAMES

Elastic analysis deals with the study of strength and behavior of the members and structure at working loads. Frames can be analyzed by various methods. However, the method of analysis adopted depends upon the types of frame, its configuration (portal ...

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QUALITY AND SAFETY CONCERNS IN CONSTRUCTION

Quality control and safety represent increasingly important concerns for project managers. Defects or failures in constructed facilities can result in very large costs. Even with minor defects, re-construction may be required and facility operations impaired. Increased costs and delays are ...

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STRUCTURAL DESIGN PHILOSOPHIES

Working stress method (WSM) Ultimate load method (ULM) Limit state method (LSM)1. Working stress method (WSM):- This was the traditional method of design not only for reinforced concrete, but also for structural steel and timber design. The method basically assumes that ...

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ESTIMATING PROJECT ACTIVITY DURATION

In most scheduling procedures, each work activity has an associated time duration. These durations are used extensively in preparing a schedule. TABLE 1: Durations and Predecessors for a Four Activity Project Illustration ...

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STRUCTURAL DESIGN PROCESS

The entire process of structural planning and design requires not only imagination and conceptual thinking but also sound knowledge of practical aspects, such as recent design codes and bye-laws, backed up by ample experience, institution and judgment. It is emphasized that ...

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ALL ABOUT LIGHT WEIGHT CONCRETE

LIGHTWEIGHT CONCRETEThe use of LWC (Lightweight concrete) has been a feature in the construction industry for centuries, but like other material the expectations of the performance have raised and now we are expecting a consistent, reliable material ...

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QUALITY CONTROL MEASURES AT SITE

QUALITY CONTROL MEASURESStudy duties responsibilities, Tender specification, standards, codes of practice and work instruction.Evolve effective acceptance/rejection procedures for construction materials in coordination with the project purchase department.Do proper sampling and testing of steel, cement, ...

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