Quantities of materials for the production of required quantity of concrete of given mix proportions can be calculated by absolute volume method. This method...

Quantity of materials such as cement, sand, coarse aggregates and water required per cubic meter of concrete  and mortar varies with the mix design...

Measurement of Reinforced Concrete Works:1. The Quantities can be rounded off to the nearest two decimals.2. Concrete in Structural members, such as columns, Beams...

The units of measurements for civil engineering works are mainly categorised for their nature, shape and size and for making payments to the contractor....

Units of Measurement and payment for constrution works in civil engineering are given in table below:  Sl. No.Particulars of itemsUnits of measurementUnit...

Reinforcement is required for reinforced concrete members such as footings, beams, columns, slabs, lintels etc. Estimation of reinforcement quantity is required prior to tendering...

LABOUR REQUIREMENT FOR VARIOUS BUILDING WORKS:The table below shows the recommended labour requirement for various civil engineering/building/construction works:S.No.Description of workUnitLabourRecommended constant in days.Remarks1) Excavation over...

The estimation of building quantities like earth work, foundation concrete, brickwork in plinth and super structure etc., can be workout by any of following...