Buildings are designed by architects and engineers. In reality, in most cases, buildings principally for human occupancy are designed conceptually by architects. That is to say that architects are the ones principally responsible for the configuration of buildings for human occupancy. Configuration has to do with the shape and size of the building. Inevitably shape(…)
DESIGNS of retaining walls, earth dam, abutments, foundations, etc. are very important problems related to the geotechnical engineering. To minimize the devastating effect of earthquake on retaining structures, computation of earth pressures and the point of applications carries attention of the researchers. The most commonly used methods to design the retaining structures under seismic conditions(…)
With the occurrence of every major earthquake, there has been in the past, almost a world-wide tendency to increase the capacity demand of the structure to counteract such events. It is only in the last decade that new strategies have been successfully developed to handle this problem economically. The current international practice has shifted towards(…)
Positive Bending Moment The ultimate load resistance of a simply supported beam is determined by the moment of resistance of the critical cross-section. The determination of the moment of resistance of the cross-section is based on the following assumptions: a. The shear connectors are able to transfer the forces occurring between the steel and the(…)
Living rooms are the rooms in our house where people need to live. In most of the houses living rooms are decorated with utmost care and it is perhaps the most beautiful room in the house. Yet, it is the least used room by the family. Many people think that living rooms need to be kept picture perfect to entertain the guest. So they hardly use it.
Ferrocement is a type of thin wall reinforced concrete commonly constructed of hydraulic cement mortar reinforced with closely spaced layers of continuous and relatively small size wire mesh. The mesh may be made of metallic or other suitable materials.
The process of induction of compressive stresses in the structure before it is put to its actual use is known as Pre-stressing. Pre-stressed Concrete member is a member of concrete in which internal stresses are introduced in a planned manner, so that the stresses resulting from the superimposed loads are counteracted to a desired degree.
The finite element method (FEM) (sometimes referred to as finite element analysis) is a numerical technique for finding approximate solutions of partial differential equations (PDE) as well as of integral equations. The solution approach is based either on eliminating the differential equation completely (steady state problems), or rendering the PDE into an approximating system of(…)