## Structural Design of Bunkers with Procedure and Design Considerations

Bunkers and silos are structure that are used as storage tanks. Structural design of bunkers with procedure and design considerations are discussed. The bunkers and silos made of reinforced concrete have almost replaced the steel storage structures. Concrete bins possess less ...

## Two Way Slab Design by Direct Design Method as per ACI 318-11

Two way slab design by direct design method as per ACI 318-11, step by step procedure and limitations of direct design method for two way slab is presented. Generally, there are two types of slab which are one way and ...

## RCC Coupling Beam – Types, Advantages and Design of Coupling Beam as per ACI

Coupling beam is a lateral force resistant component of a structure. Types, advantages and design of coupling beam as per ACI 318- 11 is discussed. Coupling beam is used effectively when two shear wall or any other elements that are used ...

## Design of Geogrid Segmental Retaining Wall with Calculations

Geogrid segmental retaining wall is used where tall wall is required. Details and design of geogrid segmental retaining wall with calculations is described in this article. Segmental retaining wall height is restricted due to stability issues, but the height can be ...

## Seismic Design of Retaining Wall

Seismic design of retaining wall is considerably complicated problem in which assumptions have to be considered in order to make indeterminable issue solvable employing theory of statics and differential calculus. The computation of each static and dynamic pressure acting on retaining ...

## Design of Unreinforced Masonry Structures as per ACI 530.1-11

Various parts of unreinforced masonry structures such as units or blocks, mortar, and grouts are arranged and designed to resist all applied loads. This means that all reinforcement which are specified by Codes for the purpose of controlling cracks resulted ...

## Why Retaining Walls Fail? Causes for Retaining Wall Failure

Generally, the term retaining wall failure do not referred to the total failure or collapse but rather describes signs and indications by which failure possibilities and wall instability could be predicted and can be saved if dealt with properly. Retaining wall ...

## Structural Flexibility in Buildings- Adaptable Building Design & Construction

There is a need for structural flexibility in buildings, i.e. design and construction of adaptable buildings which can be modified time to time based on requirements. This articles provides information on how flexibility or adaptability in buildings can be adopted, ...

## Ductility of Building Structures for Earthquake Resistant Design

Ductility for earthquake resistant design is important for buildings, structures and building materials. Ductility and its importance in design is discussed. To understand the importance of ductility in influencing the building performance, it is essential to know what is ductility. Ductility ...

## Inclined Columns Design – Loads and Bending Moment in Inclined Columns

Inclined column is not vertical which are used in many construction works for aesthetics and architectural requirements. Inclined column design, loads and bending moment in inclined columns are discussed. A vertical structural member subjected to axial compression in the majority with ...