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RCC Slab design and detailing guidelines for depth of slab, loads on slab, reinforcement guide for one-way and two-way slabs have been tried to present here. Following are the RCC Slab Design and Detailing guidelines:

RCC Slab Design Guidelines:

a) Effective span of slab:

Effective span of slab shall be lesser of the two

1.  L = clear span + d (effective depth )

2.  L = Center to center distance between the support

b) Depth of slab:

The depth of slab depends on bending moment  and deflection  criterion.  the trail depth can be obtained using:

  • Effective depth d= Span /((L/d)Basic x modification factor)
  • For obtaining modification factor, the percentage of steel for slab can be assumed from 0.2 to 0.5%.
  • The effective depth d of two way slabs can also be  assumed using cl.24.1,IS 456 provided short span is ?3.5m and loading class is <3.5KN/m2

Type of support



Simply supported



Continuous support



Or, the following thumb rules can be used:

  • One way slab d=(L/22) to (L/28).
  • Two way simply supported slab d=(L/20) to (L/30)
  • Two way restrained slab d=(L/30) to (L/32)

c) Load on slab:

The load on slab comprises of Dead load, floor finish and live load. The loads are calculated per unit area (load/m2).

Dead load = D x 25 kN/m2 ( Where D is thickness of slab in m)

Floor finish (Assumed as)= 1 to 2 kN/m2

Live load (Assumed as) = 3 to 5 kN/m2 (depending on the occupancy of the building)


Detailing Requirements of RCC Slab as per IS456: 2000

a) Nominal Cover:

For Mild exposure – 20 mm

For Moderate exposure – 30 mm

However, if the diameter of bar do not exceed 12 mm, or cover may be reduced by 5 mm. Thus for main reinforcement up to 12 mm diameter bar and for mild exposure, the nominal cover is 15 mm.

b) Minimum reinforcement: The reinforcement in either direction in slab shall not be less than

  • 0.15% of the total cross sectional area for Fe-250 steel
  • 0.12% of the total cross-sectional area for Fe-415 & Fe-500 steel.

c) Spacing of bars: The maximum spacing of bars shall not exceed

  • Main Steel – 3d or 300 mm whichever is smaller
  • Distribution steel –5d or 450 mm whichever is smaller Where, ‘d’ is the effective depth of slab. Note: The minimum clear spacing of bars is not kept less than 75 mm (Preferably 100 mm) though code do not recommend any value.

d) Maximum diameter of bar: The maximum diameter of bar in slab, shall not exceed D/8, where D is the total thickness of slab.

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