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6 Principles of Biophilic Design

6 Principles of Biophilic Design

6 Principles of Biophilic Design

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Biophilic designs are innovative ways of incorporating nature into buildings and modern architecture. Biophilia means the human tendency to interact or be closely associated with other forms of life in nature. This concept is incorporated into the building industry to increase the connection between the occupants with the natural environment.

Biophilic designs are achieved by bringing the forms and patterns of nature into buildings. These natural features can either directly use light, air, water, or plants or nature-inspired images, colors, simulations, naturalistic shapes, etc.

This article discusses the 6 principles followed to achieve biophilic design for buildings.

6 Principles of Biophilic Building Design

Image Credits: Thermory USA

Biophilic designs are achieved by six primary design principles:

  1. Environmental features
  2. Natural shapes and forms
  3. Natural patterns and processes
  4. Light and space
  5. Place-based relationships
  6. Evolved human-nature relationships

1. Environmental Features

Using characteristics of the natural world like water features, sunlight, actual vegetation, etc., in the built environment helps foster the human-nature connection in biophilic design. 

Nature-filled spaces reduce stress, improve comfort, and promote healing of the occupants. They enhance the moments of connection, reflection, and respite.

2. Natural Shapes and Forms

Using shapes and forms that are naturally found in nature is another important element used in biophilic design. These elements include columns, ovals, arches, shells, spirals, botanical motifs, biomimicry, etc. Right angles and straight lines are forms that are rarely found in nature.

3. Natural Patterns and Processes

In this principle, the sensory experiences are varied with transitions and complementary contrasts. This is achieved by having central focal points, patterned wholes, and clear boundaries in the building design.

4. Light and Space

This principle focuses on using different types of lights within the space. The use of natural light in abundance creates stimulating, dynamic, and sculptural forms in the space.

5. Place-Based Relationships

This biophilic element focuses on connection with the ecology and prominent geographical features like mountains, deserts, rivers, and plants. This principle avoids the monotony of ‚Äúplacelessness.‚ÄĚ

6. Evolved Human-Nature Relationships

This principle emphasizes the inherent relationship between humans and nature. A good biophilic design addresses the affinity toward nature. 

Biophilic design is a new approach for restoring our connection with nature. The concept gives a sense of responsibility for the planet and our relationship with it.

FAQs

What is biophilic design?

Biophilic designs are innovative ways to incorporate nature into buildings and modern architecture.

What are the principles of biophilic design?

Biophilic designs are achieved by six primary design principles:
1. Environmental features
2. Natural shapes and forms
3. Natural patterns and processes
4. Light and space
5. Place-based relationships
6. Evolved human-nature relationships

What are place-based relationships in biophilic design?

Place-based relationship is a biophilic design element that focuses on connection with the ecology and prominent geographical features like mountains, deserts, rivers, and plants. This principle avoids the monotony of ‚Äúplacelessness.‚ÄĚ

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