The Constructor


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Flooring is essentially required for any building. For a building to look good it is very much necessary that proper flooring pattern is selected. While deciding the flooring pattern one must also consider the function of the particular space. For example flooring pattern used for kitchen of a house may not be suitable for bedroom of the same house. Similarly flooring pattern for exterior use and interior use are also different. For example flooring which may be used in courtyard of building or house may not be suitable for the living room or dinning room of the same building.

For flooring various types of material are available. Considering the need one may the select any of the options available.

Flooring may be broadly classified into four:-

1. Tiles

2. Stones

3. Wooden. Flooring

4. I.P.S. Flooring

Apart from this technology has started exploring new possibilities into world of flooring like glass flooring which we did not thought of earlier days is now possible.

Tiles may be again classified into three major groups

  1. Ceramic / Glazed Tiles
  2. Porcelain Tiles
  3. Vitrified Tiles


Stones are available of various shapes and size and each have different characteristics.

Here we list few of the stones

  1. Kadappa Stone
  2. Kota Stone
  3. Dholpur Stone
  4. Marble
  5. Sandstone
  6. Jaisalmer
  7. Granite

Most of the stones are known from the place where they are available. Kota stone is available from Kota in Rajasthan, Dholpur Stone from Dholpur, Jaisalmer stone from Jaisalmer etc.

Stones such as Jesalmer, Granite and Marble are available with different texture and colour. Their rate depends according to their properties and texture. Generally flooring pattern and material depends upon the budget of the building. Though it does not mean that if the budget for the flooring is high it would result into good flooring. For flooring to be aesthetically appealing and functionally workable proper selection of the material and proper installation of the flooring plays an important role.


Apart from Stones and Tiles another flooring pattern is wooden floor. Wooden floor looks aesthetically good. “PERGO” is the company name which has been into the business of wooden flooring since years and has done a great job. Wooden flooring is quite flexible. Even if any of wooden piece breaks or damages, it’s simple to replace it.


It is traditional Indian style of flooring. It is a simple flooring made out of cement. It’s done on site. The cement paste is applied on the floor similar to the plastering of the wall. Then required pattern or grids is embossed on it with rope. This is the cheapest type of flooring.


Apart from these, technology has become such that the wildest thing which could not been thought of 10 years ago is now possible with the help of technology. One such example of it is GLASS FLOORING.

Apart from flooring glass can also be used in Staircases.

Figure: Wooden flooring

Figure: Tile flooring


False Flooring is flooring used for buildings with high service requirement mostly offices which carries high amount of cables etc. and sometimes Air-conditioner, water supply pipes. Additional structural support and lighting are often provided when a floor is raised enough for a person to crawl or even walk beneath.

This type of floor consists of gridded metal frame work or understructure of adjustable-height legs (“called Pedestal”) that provide support for individual floor panels, which are usually by 2 X 2 feet or 60 X 60 cms in size. The height of the legs/pedestals is dictated by the volume of cable and other services provided beneath, but typically arranged for clearance of at least six inches or 15cms.

The panels are normally made of steel-clad particle board or a steel panel with a cementitious internal core. There are a variety of flooring finishes to suit the application such as carpets, high pressure laminates, marble, stone, and anti-static finishes for use in computer rooms and laboratories.

Many modern computer and equipment rooms employ an under-floor cooling system to ensure even cooling of the room with minimal wasted energy. Cooled air is pumped under the floor and dispersed upward into the room through regularly spaced diffuser tiles or through ducts directed into specific equipment.

Figure: False flooring

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