The Constructor

18 Types of Doors Used in Building Construction

There are different types of doors used in building works classified based on placing of components, method of construction, working operations and construction material used. A door is an accessible barrier which is provided in a wall opening to give an access to the inside of a room of a building. The internal portions of a building are connected by doors.

Types of Doors Used in Building Construction

Types of Doors based on Placing of Components

Based on the arrangement of door components, the doors are classified as following,

1. Battened and Ledged Doors

2. Battened, Ledged and Braced Doors

3. Battened, Ledged and Framed Doors

4. Battened, Ledged, Braced and Framed Doors

Types of Doors based on Method of Construction:

Based on the method of construction, the doors are again classified into 5 types and they are:

5. Framed and Panelled Doors

6. Glazed Doors

7. Flush Doors

In flush doors, a solid or semi-solid or core portion is covered on both sides with plywood or face veneer. Now a days these type of doors are widely used because of good appearance, economic, ease of construction and greater durability.

There are two types of Flushed doors:

Solid Core or Laminated Core Flush Door

Hollow core and cellular core flush door

8. Louvered Doors

9. Wire Gauged Doors

Wire gaged doors permits natural ventilation and restrict the entry of flies, mosquitoes, insects etc.. These doors are commonly used in hotels, restaurants and for cup boards containing eatables.

Types of Doors based on Working Operations

The doors are classified on the basis of working operations as:

10. Revolving Doors

Revolving doors are only provided in public buildings like museums, banks, libraries etc., because of constant visitors. It consists mullion at its centre to which four radiating shutters are attached.

11. Sliding Doors

In this type, with the help of runners and guide rails the door slides to the sides. The door may have one or more sliding shutter depending up on the opening available.

12. Swing Doors

In this case, the shutter is attached to frame by double action spring which helps the shutter to move inwards as well as outwards.

13. Collapsible Steel Doors

Collapsible steel doors are generally used for workshops, sheds, warehouses etc.. It acts like a steel curtain which will opened or closed by horizontal pull or push. Vertical double channel units of (20x10x2 mm) are spaced at 100 to 120 mm thick and are braced flat iron diagonals 10 to 20mm wide and 5mm thick.

14. Rolling Steel Shutter Doors

Rolling steel shutter doors are commonly used for warehouses, garages, shops etc.. These are very strong and offer proper safety to the property. The door consists frame, drum and a shutter of thin steel plate inter locked together. A horizontal shaft is provided in the drum which helps to open or close the shutter.

Types of Doors based on Materials:

Doors are made up of wood, glass, metals. Wood doors are already discussed in the 1t classification and glass doors are nothing but glazed doors. Types of Metals doors are described below.

15. Mild Steel Sheet Doors

16. Corrugated Steel Sheet Doors

These are same as mild steel sheet doors, but in place of mild steel sheet corrugated steel sheet is welded.

17. Hollow Metal Doors

Hollow steel sections are used to make these doors. The rails and stiles etc., are strengthened by welding small T or I sections inside.

18. Metal Covered Plywood Doors

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