The Constructor

What is Green Concrete? Its Applications and Advantages in Construction

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What is Green Concrete?

Concrete which is made from concrete wastes that are eco-friendly are called as “Green concrete”.  Green Concrete is a term given to a concrete that has had extra steps taken in the mix design and placement to insure a sustainable structure and a long life cycle with a low maintenance surface. e.g. Energy saving, CO2 emissions, wastewater. Today the word green is not just limited to colour, it represents the environment, which is surrounding us. “Green concrete” is a revolutionary topic in the history of concrete industry. This was first invented in Denmark in the year 1998 by Dr.WG. Concrete wastes like slag, power plant wastes, recycled concrete, mining and quarrying wastes, waste glass, incinerator residue, red mud, burnt clay, sawdust, combustor ash and foundry sand. The goal of the Centre for Green Concrete is to reduce the environmental impact of concrete. To enable this, new technology is developed. The technology considers all phases of a concrete construction’s life cycle, i.e. structural design, specification, manufacturing and maintenance, and it includes all aspects of performance, i.e.
  1. Mechanical properties (strength, shrinkage, creep, static behaviour etc.)
  2. Fire resistance (spalling, heat transfer etc.)
  3. Workmanship (workability, strength development, curing etc.)
  4. Durability (corrosion protection, frost, new deterioration mechanisms etc.)
  5. Thermodynamic properties (input to the other properties)
  6. Environmental aspects (CO2-emission, energy, recycling etc.)
There are a number of alternative environmental requirements with which green concrete structures must comply: In addition to the environmental goals there are a number of environmental intentions. Most important are: To avoid the use of materials which contain substances on the Environmental Protection Agency’s list of unwanted materials, not to reduce the recycling ability of green concrete compared with conventional concrete and not to increase the content of hazardous substances in the wastewater from concrete production compared with wastewater from production of existing concrete types. Different concrete types are tested for workability, changes in workability after 30 min., air-content, compressive strength development, E-modulus, heat development, homogeneity, water separation, setting time, density and pumpability. Furthermore, frost testing, chloride penetration and an air void analysis are carried out for the concretes in the aggressive environmental class. The water/cement ratio, water/binder ratio and the chloride content are calculated from the mixing report of the precise mixture proportions and from the chloride content in the different raw materials.

Advantages of Green Concrete

Limitations of Green Concrete

Applications of Green Concrete

Fig: Green concrete dam

Fig: Green Concrete Bridge

Fig: Green Concrete building

Fig: Green Concrete Platform

Fig: Green Concrete Columns

Fig: Green Concrete Hut

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