The Constructor


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The development of any project follows some major phases in project life cycle. For the success of the project, the project team must successfully plan, organize and control their work activities so that they are performed in proper sequence and on time. Some parts of the major phases of project life cycle is performed before the construction phase starts. Following are the steps involved in development of a construction project from scratch: 1. Conceptual phase 2. Proposal phase 3. Project design phase a) Engineering design b) Procurement of major equipment c) Project control function d) Construction inputs from experienced engineers 4. Procurement of other construction materials 5. On-site construction 6. Facility start-up and turnover 1. Conceptual Phase of Construction Project: This phase of construction project is generally done by owner or client with the help of consultants, project managers and other experienced engineers. The major activities in this phase can be: When client develops a need for new facility for any reason, the need for new construction project arises. Then client with the help of their R&D team, consultants and project managers etc., does the above steps during the conceptual phase of the project. Market research for the product development need, capital cost estimating of the project, project financing plans and project scope and design basis are the important part of this phase. 2. Proposal Phase of the Construction Project: Once the construction project gets approval from the board, then the project enters proposal phase. In this phase the main goal is to select a suitable contractor to carry out the construction activity as required by the client or owner. This phase involves following activities: 3. Project Execution Phase of the construction Project: After a suitable contractor is selected by the client or owner, the project manager is ready to execute the project in accordance with the contracting plan. The construction project is initiated in this phase. The following activities are generally carried out by the contractor (project manager): The field engineer receives and distributes the technical documents for the field organization. They manage the design construction interface to ensure that the project is built according to the design documents. All design clarifications, design and field changes, change orders, as built drawings, vendor assistance contacts, and the like must pass through the field engineering office. The engineer is also responsible for the quality control operations. This involves quality control testing services, laboratory reports, radiography services etc. the field engineer also maintains copies of the applicable codes and government regulations and interprets their application to the project. 4. Facility start-up activities This is the last activity on the project. This step establishes the order for putting the operating units into service. The amount of construction participation in the startup must also be considered in the scope of services along with the money and resource plans for the overall project.
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