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How to Make Deductions in Masonry Construction Estimation?

Deduction is necessary in certain cases while estimations are carried out for masonry constructions. For instance, the presence of openings in masonry walls, bearings, doors, windows, segmental arch openings, and semi-circular arch openings. Deductions for these conditions shall ...

Bond Beam Block vs. Lintel Block Differences

Bond beam blocks and lintel blocks are concrete units which are used especially for masonry purposes. The differences between both bond beam block and lintel block in terms of their usage, shape, functions etc. are explained in this ...

Parapet Walls – Types and Uses

A parapet wall is a low or dwarf wall built along the edge of the roof, terrace, walkway, balcony etc. Parapet walls can be constructed using different materials like reinforced cement concrete, steel, aluminium, glass etc. Different types ...

Refractory Mortar – Types and Construction Practice

Refractory mortar is a specially engineered mixture of sand, calcium aluminate, cement, and fireclay. It is used to lay firebrick in places that are exposed to extremely high temperature. The refractory mortar is utilized only to build fire places and ...

What is Concrete Block Spacer? Their Uses and Construction

Concrete block spacer is plastic or metallic molded installation equipment or tool employed for proper placement of masonry units. The concrete block spacer enables the installation of concrete block wall systems by anyone with a basic skill set. So, the ...