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Foundation Drain – Components, Working and Design

Foundation drain is an exterior drainage system installed on the outer face of the foundation wall and near the wall footing, covered with a layer of gravel, serving the purpose of draining out excess water seeping into the ...

Backfilling Procedure in Basement

Proper backfilling of a basement is an important and essential step in the basement construction as it largely contributes to its structural stability. Moreover, properly compacted backfill provides support to the basement walls as well as acts as ...

Shifting and Tilting of Well Foundations

Shifting and tilting occur generally during the sinking phase of well foundations. If proper care is not taken, they can cause grave problems which may lead to the weakening of the stability of foundations. Precautions to avoid shifting ...

Types of Material Used in Pile Foundation

Different types of material used in the pile foundation areĀ cement, steel, timber and plastic which are a slender, structural member installed in the ground to transfer the structural loads to soils at some significant depth below the base of the ...

What is Slab, Beam, Column, and Footing Construction?

Clearly, buildings are composed of various structure elements such as slabs, beams, columns, and footings. Each of these structural members play certain role in a structure.This article presents various aspects of these structural members for instance their function, types of ...

Retaining Wall Types, Materials, Economy, and Applications

What is a retaining wall? Retaining wall is a structure that are designed and constructed to withstand lateral pressure of soil or hold back soil materials. The lateral pressure could be also due to earth filling, liquid pressure, sand, and other ...

Construction of Foundation – Depth, Width, Layout and Excavation

Procedure for construction of foundation starts with decision on its depth, width and marking layout for excavation and centerline of foundation. Foundation is the part of structure below plinth levelĀ  in direct contact of soil and transmits load of super ...