Plate girders became popular in the late 1800’s, when they were used in construction of railroad bridges. The plates were joined together using angles and rivets to obtain plate girders of desired size. By 1950’s welded plate girders replaced riveted ...

## REYNOLDS EXPERIMENT

OBJECTIVE: To perform the Reynolds experiment for determination of different regimes of flow. BASICS: The flow of real fluids can basically occur under two very different regimes namely laminar and turbulent flow. The laminar flow is characterized by fluid particles moving in the ...

## VERIFICATION OF BERNOULLI’S THEOREM

OBJECTIVE: To verify Bernoulli’s theorem EQUIPMENT: a)Apparatus for the verification of Bernoulli’s theorem b)measuring tank and c)a stop watch BASICS: Bernoulli’s theorem states that for a stream lined, steady, frictionless and incompressible fluid flow, the sum of pressure head, velocity head and potential head is a constant ...

## CHEZY’S CONSTANT AND MANNING’S COEFFICIENT FOR OPEN CHANNELS

OBJECTIVE: i. To find Chezy’s constant for open channels. ii. To find Manning’s Roughness coefficient for the given open channel. iii. To draw the following graphs for two different slopes of channel. iv. Chezy’s constant C vs. Reynolds number. v. Manning’s coefficient n vs. Reynolds ...

## CALIBRATION OF WATER METER

OBJECTIVE:(i) To calibrate the given water meter EQUIPMENT:a) Water meter of size 25 mm with a needle and number gauge b) Measuring tank of size .6x.6x.8 meter with over flow arrangement, gauge glass scale arrangement and a grain valve c) Stop watch BASICS:Water meter ...

## HYDRAULIC COEFFICIENTS OF ORIFICE

OBJECTIVE:(i) To determine the hydraulic coefficients, coefficient of discharge (Cd) coefficient velocity ( Cv) and coefficient contraction (Cc) of the given orifice fitted on a tank. (ii) To draw the graph Cd vs Hw. EQUIPMENT: a) The given orifice plate fitted on a ...

## DETERMINATION OF DARCY’S AND CHEZY’ CONSTANT FOR PIPE FLOW

OBJECTIVE: i. To determine the Darcy’s and Chezy’s constant for the given pipes ii. To plot the following graph: Darcy’s constant ‘f’ vs Reynold’s number. Chezy’s constant ‘C’ vs Reynold’s numberEQUIPMENT:a) Pipes of 15, 20, 25 and 32 mm diameters ‘D’ of length ‘L’ ...

## METACENTRIC HEIGHT OF A FLOATING BODY

OBJECTIVE: To determine the meta centric height and radius of gyration of the given floating body. EQUIPMENT:a) Float tank of size 0.8 x 0.8 x 0.3 metre with about 3/4th full of water. b) Float (Ship) with arrangement to measure the tilt due ...

## CALIBRATION OF VARIOUS TYPES OF NOTCHES

OBJECTIVE:(i) To determine the coefficient of discharge (Cd) of the given notch for different rates of flow (ii) To calibrate the notch (by determining the constants K and n, assuming the actual discharge Qa = K Hw) (iii) To plot the following ...

## CALIBRATION OF ORIFICEMETER

OBJECTIVE: (i) To calibrate the instrument (by determining the constants K and n, assuming the actual discharge Qa = K*Hhgn). (ii) To determine the coefficient of discharge (Cd) of the given orifice meter for different rates of flow. (iii) To study the variation ...