The Constructor - Civil Engineering Home for Civil Engineers

The Constructor - Civil Engineering Home provides informational resources to Civil Engineers around the globe on various subjects such as construction management, Structural Engineering, Building Construction Tips, How to Guides for Civil Engineers etc.

RISKS IN PPP PROJECTS

CLASSIFICATION OF RISKUnderstanding and addressing the risks of a PPP project early on is important for both the parties in PPP. This chapter presents many of the risks involved and actions that can be taken to mitigate ...

RELIABILITY-BASED DESIGN

Reliability?“BEST bus services are very reliable”“BMC water supply is not very reliable”“In Mumbai, Western Railway’s service is more reliable than ...

REACTIVE POWDER CONCRETE

REACTIVE POWDER CONCRETE • A composite material & ultra high strength with mechanical properties. • Mixture of fiber reinforced, super plasticized, silica fume, cement & quartz sand with very low ...

ENERGY AUDIT FOR BUILDINGS

The energy crisis in the present day world has led us to the design of new energy efficient buildings. However the existing buildings consume a lot of conventional energy and minimizing them will help us to ...

GENERAL PROCEDURE FOR A DETAILED ENERGY AUDIT

To perform an energy audit, several tasks are typically carried out depending on the type of the audit and the size and function of the building. Some of the tasks may have to be repeated, reduced ...

COMMON ENERGY CONSERVATION MEASURES

In this subsection some energy conservation measures (ECMs) commonly recommended for commercial and industrial facilities are briefly discussed. It should be noted that the list of ECMs presented below does not pretend to be exhaustive nor ...

WOOD AS A CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL

Wood as a Construction Material:· Used extensively for buildings, bridges, utility poles, piles, floor, trusses, roofs– Natural, and– Engineered wood products (laminates, plywood, strand board.)· Low ...

BASIC DEFINITIONS IN GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING

A soil mass consists of solid particles which form a porous structure. The voids in the soil mass may be filled with air, water or partly with water and partly with water. Soil is a three ...