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The Constructor - Civil Engineering Home for Civil Engineers

The Constructor - Civil Engineering Home provides informational resources to Civil Engineers around the globe on various subjects such as construction management, Structural Engineering, Building Construction Tips, How to Guides for Civil Engineers etc.

Development Length of Reinforcement Bars

A development length can be defined as the amount of reinforcement(bar) length needed to be embedded or projected into the column to establish the desired bond strength between the concrete and steel (or any other two types of material).[caption id="attachment_22872" ...

Risks in Public-Private Partnership (PPP) Projects

It is very important for both public and private parties to understand and address the risks involved in a Public-Private Partnership (PPP) projects. In any PPP project risks are more common but promoters will show interest in such projects only ...

RELIABILITY-BASED DESIGN

Reliability?“BEST bus services are very reliable”“BMC water supply is not very reliable”“In Mumbai, Western Railway’s service is more reliable than ...

ENERGY AUDIT FOR BUILDINGS

The energy crisis in the present day world has led us to the design of new energy efficient buildings. However the existing buildings consume a lot of conventional energy and minimizing them will help us to ...

GENERAL PROCEDURE FOR A DETAILED ENERGY AUDIT

To perform an energy audit, several tasks are typically carried out depending on the type of the audit and the size and function of the building. Some of the tasks may have to be repeated, reduced ...

COMMON ENERGY CONSERVATION MEASURES

In this subsection some energy conservation measures (ECMs) commonly recommended for commercial and industrial facilities are briefly discussed. It should be noted that the list of ECMs presented below does not pretend to be exhaustive nor ...

Basic Terms and Definitions in Soil Engineering

Terms and Definitions in Soil Engineering Various definitions of terms used in Geotechnical Soil Engineering are presented. Volumetric Relationships of Soil 1. Void Ratio Void ratio is the volume of voids to the volume of solids. It is denoted by ‘e’.  e=Vv/Vs It is ...