Preliminary works refer to all the activities that are involved in a construction site before the actual work commences, such as demolition, site clearance, site survey, soil survey, planning, designing, and cost estimation. In this article, we briefly discuss ...

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#### Category: Material Estimation

Material estimation for construction works or projects deals with calculation of quantities of various materials, labors etc. required for construction.

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## Top 10 Estimation Software in Construction Industry

The most basic requirement for the preparation of a good bid is a precise and accurate estimate. If prepared by hand, not only the process would be laborious but also liable to errors. With the rapid digitalization of the ...

## How to Calculate Steel Quantity for Slab, Footing and Column?

Estimation of steel reinforcement quantity for concrete slab, footing and column, beams etc. is crucial for the cost evaluation for the construction.Ā Design drawings are used as a base for computing rebar quantity in different structural elements. This article presents ...

## Labor Requirement for Various Construction Works

The cost of construction project highly depends on the requirements of labor for various activities during construction. There are direct and indirect costs associated with the labor. They are the salary of labors, their accommodation, food, insurance cost etc. ...

## Calculate Quantities of Materials for Concrete -Cement, Sand, Aggregates

Quantities of materials for concrete such as cement, sand and aggregates for production of required quantity of concrete of given mix proportions such as 1:2:4 (M15), 1:1.5: 3 (M20), 1:1:2 (M25) can be calculated by absolute volume method. This ...

## Quantities of Materials Per Cubic Meter of Concrete and Mortar Mix Proportions

Quantities of materials such as cement, sand, coarse aggregates and water required per cubic meter of concrete and mortar for different mix proportions is given in table.

## Calculation of Reinforced Concrete Footings, Columns and Beams

Measurement of reinforced concrete works such as foundation, columns, beams, slabs pedestalĀ are needed for calculation of actual cost of construction and payment to the contractor. This article provides guidelines for the measurement including formulas for the calculation of quantities ...

## Methods of Measurements and Units of Civil Construction Works

Methods and units of measurements for civil construction works are depends on nature, shape and size of civil work and for payments to the contractor.