## Category : Material Estimation

Material estimation for construction works or projects deals with calculation of quantities of various materials, labors etc. required for construction.

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Material estimation for construction works or projects deals with calculation of quantities of various materials, labors etc. required for construction.

The most basic requirement for the preparation of a good bid is a precise and accurate estimate. If prepared by hand, not only the process would be laborious but also liable to errors. With the rapid digitalization of ...

Estimation of steel reinforcement quantity for concrete slab, footing and column, beams etc. is crucial for the cost evaluation for the construction. Design drawings are used as a base for computing rebar quantity in different structural elements. This article presents steel quantity ...

The cost of construction project highly depends on the requirements of labor for various activities during construction. There are direct and indirect costs associated with the labor. They are the salary of labors, their accommodation, ...

Quantities of materials for concrete such as cement, sand and aggregates for production of required quantity of concrete of given mix proportions such as 1:2:4 (M15), 1:1.5: 3 (M20), 1:1:2 (M25) can be calculated by absolute volume method. This method is ...

Quantity of materials such as cement, sand, coarse aggregates and water required per cubic meter of concrete and mortar for different mix proportions varies with the mix design of the concrete and mortar respectively. Following table gives the estimated quantity of ...

Measurement of reinforced concrete works such as foundation, columns, beams, slabs pedestal are needed for calculation of actual cost of construction and payment to the contractor. This article provides guidelines for the measurement including formulas for the calculation of quantities of various ...

The methods and units of measurements for civil construction works are mainly categorised for their nature, shape and size and for making payments to the contractor. The principle of units of measurements normally consists the following:

Units of Measurement for Payments of Civil Construction Works Units of Measurements for payment of construction works in civil engineering projects are given in table below: Sl. No. Civil Construction Works Units of measurement Unit of payment 1 Earthwork: ...