Trenchless Renewal Methods for Replacement, Renovation of Pipelines

The trenchless renewal methods and innovations in construction is still developing. The trenchless renewal method helps in providing facilities like replacement, rehabilitation, renovation or upgradation. Collectively we regard it as renewal method, where a new life is given to an already ...

Types of Design Loads for Masonry Lintel with Calculations

Various types of loads are subjected on masonry lintel which need to be identified and calculated for design of masonry lintels. Lintel is defined as a transverse load beams which are positioned over an opening in a wall to support ...

Methods and Procedure for Repair of Underwater Concrete Structures

Several methods are used for repair of underwater concrete structure. These methods with procedure for repair of underwater concrete structures is discussed. Repair of Underwater Concrete Structures – Methods and Procedure Following are the different methods to repair underwater concrete structures:Surface spalling ...

Methods of Testing Compressive Strength of Masonry

Testing compressive strength of masonry before construction and for every 464.5 m2 of masonry work during construction is required as per Building Code Requirements and Specification for Masonry Structure (ACI 530.1- 11) and under its quality assurance program, certification of ...

Repairs and Rehabilitation of Concrete Structures for Failure and Defects

There are various techniques available for repair and rehabilitation of concrete structure for failure and defects in concrete. These techniques and materials for repair of concrete is described. Concrete is the most widely used and versatile construction material possessing several advantages ...