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Reinforcement Detailing in Beams According to IS 456-2000

Reinforcement Detailing in Beams According to IS 456-2000

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Reinforcement detailing in beams 

Types of beams

The beams classes are as follows:

Based on beam shape

When a beam is designed with slab, called slab beam or Tee-beam, reinforcements are provided as shown in figure below. The beam is generally designed as simple beam but additional reinforcement provided on top with slab to make it behave like a Tee-beam.

Fig.1: Mid-span Details of Tee-Beam.

Fig.2: Slab-Beam Details

According to supporting conditions

Simply supported, fixed, continuous and cantilever beams

Based on embedded reinforcement

Singly reinforced

Reinforcement are provided to resist tensile stresses due to bending and shear in beams for singly reinforced sections. In practice, for singly reinforced beams, two additional bars are provided in compression face of the beam so that stirrups can be tied with bars. These additional reinforcement are of nominal diameter of 8mm or 10mm.

Doubly reinforced

when depth of section is restricted due to reasons such as architectural reasons, or basement floors, the beam section is designed as doubly reinforced concrete beam. These bars shall withstand compressive stresses and are provided with reinforcement in compression face. Beams when subjected to torsion are provided additional longitudinal and shear reinforcement to resist bending and shear stresses developed due to torsion.

Types of Reinforcement in Beams

Generally a beam consists of following steel reinforcements:

Reinforcement Cover in Beam


this type of reinforcement act against shear force. Following are the types of stirrups provided in beams:

Fig.3: Types of stirrups in beams

Standard hooks and bends

Commonly, the provision of steel bar anchorage is in form of bends and hooks provided that straight length insufficient to develop bars. Moreover, the anchorage value of bend of bar is taken as 4 times the diameter of bar for every 450 bend subjected to maximum of 16 times the diameter of bar. Added to that, The specification for detailing of reinforcement in beams are given in cl.26.5.1 of IS 456 – 2000. Lastly, standard bends and hooks required for reinforcing bars are shown in figure below.

Fig.4: Standard bends and hooks in beams

Curtailment of Reinforcement in Beams

Generally, curtailment of reinforcements performed along beam span based on the bending moment at the section. Moreover, anchorage or development length required at support is provided during curtailment of reinforcement. Furthermore, cl.26.2 of IS 456 – 2000 gives the anchorage length required for main reinforcement in tension and compression. Lastly, figure 5 shows typical details of curtailment of reinforcement in cantilever and continuous beams.

Fig.5: Typical Details of Reinforcement curtailment in beams

Development length (Ld)

Figure 6 provides details of necessary anchorage length for main reinforcement in tension and compression:

 Fig.6: Typical Details of anchorage length of reinforcement in beams

Figure 7 illustrates specifications for reinforcements of beams in accordance with SP34:

Fig.7:Reinforcement detailing based on IS 456-2000

Bar Bending Schedule

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