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Concrete Grade Beam Construction Process

What is concrete grade beam? Grade beams are commonly concrete beams which are designed to act as horizontal ties between footings or pile caps. They should be reinforced with continuous reinforcement that is developed within or beyond the supported column, or ...

Characteristics of Ground Movements Induced by Excavations

It is crucial for engineer to have adequate information regarding possible ground movements and identify its characteristics to consider proper measures against such undesired movement.Characteristics of ground movements include shape and type of ground surface settlement, influence zones of settlement, ...

How to Set Up Dewatering Plan for Excavations?

Procedures used for dewatering plans for an excavation includes selection of dewatering method, determination of hydraulic parameter, determination of the well capacity and Estimation the number of wells.

Methods of Excavation Used for Deep Foundation Construction

There are number of excavation methods which are used for deep foundation construction such as full open cut method, bracing excavation, anchored excavation, island excavation methods,zoned excavation, top down construction methods etc. These excavation techniques are discussed.

What are the Causes of Failure in Deep Excavations?

There are various factors that may lead to failure in open and braced deep excavations. Those factors will be discussed briefly. Causes of Failure in Deep Excavations Causes of failure in deep excavation are divided into two subtopics which include:Causes of ...

Methods of Dewatering Excavations at Construction Site

Dewatering of excavations is required at construction sites generally for foundation works. Various methods for dewatering of excavations are described in this article.Firm and sound working conditions are indispensable when construction of buildings, powerhouse, dams, and other structures has to ...

Procedure for Excavation in Rocks

Many times excavation in rocks are required for foundation of structure. The procedure for excavation in rocks is different than excavation in ordinary soils. It requires skilled manpower and specialized tools and equipments for excavating the rocky ground. Procedure for Excavation ...