Modulus of ruptureĀ is a measure of the tensile strength of concrete beams or slabs. Flexural strength identifies the amount of stress and force an unreinforced concrete slab, beam or other structure can withstand such that it resists any bending ...

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## Assumptions in Strength Calculation of Building Materials with Explanations

Strength, resistance against failure is the important property of any civil engineering material. Every material is to be tested for its strength before going to use it. There are various external forces which acts on materials in different ways. To ...

## Stress in Structural Materials, Their Types and Sign Conventions

Stress is resistance provided by structural material against deformation. Stress is measured in terms of load per unit area and is expressed in MPa or N/mm2. Types of Stress in Structural Material Stress is classified based on its nature and are of ...

## Types of Supports and Reactions and Their Applications in Structures

Support in a structure is a member which helps others member to resist loads. Different types of supports, their reactions and applications for structures and their details is discussed. Supports in a structure transfers the load to the ground and provides ...

## Factors Affecting Deflections of Reinforced Concrete Beams and Slabs

There are various factors which affect deflections of reinforced concrete beams and slabs which needs to be considered and assessed adequately during design and construction. These factors can be divided into two group including parameter known before construction and factors unknown ...

## Vibration Analysis of Machine Foundations

Machine Foundation is subjected to dynamic loads. These loads develop the vibratory motions which will transmit into the soil below the foundation. The effect on soil caused by these vibrations is analyzed using principles of soil dynamics and theory of ...

## Qualitative Structural Analysis of Beams and Frames

Qualitative structural analysis might not be familiar to structural engineers. The usual way of analysis of structures is numerical (quantitative) method in which the structural designers should determine values for dimensions and loads and compute bending moments and reactions. However, there ...