The types of loads acting on structures for buildings and other structures can be broadly classified as vertical loads, horizontal loads and longitudinal loads. The vertical loads consist of dead load, live load and impact load. The horizontal loads comprises of ...

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## Approximate Lateral Load Analysis by Portal Method

The portal method is an approximate analysis used for analyzing building frames subjected to lateral loading such as the one shown in Fig.1. This method is more appropriate for low rise buildings with uniform framing.

## INFLUENCE LINE METHOD OF ANALYSIS

An influence line for any given point or section of structure is a curve whose ordinates represent to scale the variation of a function such as shear force, bending moment, deflection etc at a point or section, as the unit ...

## BEHAVIOUR OF TENSION MEMBERS UNDER LOADS

Behaviour of tension members under the action of loads for tension ties and is discussed below: Behaviour of Tension Tie: The tie is the simplest type of member in tension. When a tensile load is applied on one side of a tie ...

## Moments of Inertia of Areas

First moment Forces are distributed continuously over an area on which they act, it is often necessary to calculate the moment of theses forces about an axis

## Statics of Bending: Shear and Bending Moment Diagrams

Beams are long and slender structural elements, differing from truss elements in that they are called on to support transverse as well as axial loads. Their attachment points can also be more complicated than those of truss elements: ...

## Steel Concrete Composite Columns- Analysis and Design

A steel-concrete composite column is a compression member, comprising either a concrete encased hot-rolled steel section or a concrete filled tubular section of hot-rolled steel and is generally used as a load-bearing member in a composite framed structure. Typical cross-sections of ...