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Modulus of Rupture of Concrete Beam

Modulus of rupture is a measure of the tensile strength of concrete beams or slabs. Flexural strength identifies the amount of stress and force an unreinforced concrete slab, beam or other structure can withstand such that it resists any bending ...

How to Construct Concrete Stairs?

Construction of concrete stairs includes steps such as designing, preparing foundation, building formwork, placement of reinforcement steel bars, concreting, finishing and curing. Construction of concrete stairs is a difficult task that requires an engineer to study all the aspects and design ...

Concrete Wall Construction Process Including Materials

Construction of concrete walls is a crucial phase in building construction. It is constructed as a load bearing structure to transfers loads from floor to the wall below or to the foundation, in addition to divide spaces in multi-storey buildings. ...

Footing Bar Bending Schedule (BBS) – Estimation of Steel Quantity

Bar bending schedule (BBS) of an concrete footing provides the reinforcement details and the total steel quantity required for the footing construction. The BBS and quantity of steel reinforcement required for a simply isolated footing are calculated and explained by ...

Trapezoidal Footing Formula

The trapezoidal footing formula is used to determine the volume of a trapezoidal footing from the respective drawing specifications. Here, the trapezoidal footing formula is explained and clarified with the help of an example. Trapezoidal Footing Formula As shown in figure-1 below, ...

Tensile Fabric Structures – Properties, Types and Advantages

Fabric tensile structures is a stretched fabric material  in surface tension formed to a three-dimensional surface that can be used to create a roof, shading, or decorative component by tensioning it to cables and . It is constructed using a specialised fabrics under ...

Types of Material Used in Pile Foundation

Different types of material used in the pile foundation are cement, steel, timber and plastic which are a slender, structural member installed in the ground to transfer the structural loads to soils at some significant depth below the base of the ...