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Footing Bar Bending Schedule (BBS) – Estimation of Steel Quantity

Bar bending schedule (BBS) of an concrete footing provides the reinforcement details and the total steel quantity required for the footing construction. The BBS and quantity of steel reinforcement required for a simply isolated footing are calculated and explained by ...

Trapezoidal Footing Formula

The trapezoidal footing formula is used to determine the volume of a trapezoidal footing from the respective drawing specifications. Here, the trapezoidal footing formula is explained and clarified with the help of an example. Trapezoidal Footing Formula As shown in figure-1 below, ...

Tensile Fabric Structures – Properties, Types and Advantages

Fabric tensile structures is a stretched fabric material  in surface tension formed to a three-dimensional surface that can be used to create a roof, shading, or decorative component by tensioning it to cables and . It is constructed using a specialised fabrics under ...

Types of Material Used in Pile Foundation

Different types of material used in the pile foundation are cement, steel, timber and plastic which are a slender, structural member installed in the ground to transfer the structural loads to soils at some significant depth below the base of the ...

Comparison of Pre-Engineered with Conventional Steel Buildings

Pre-Engineered buildings are being preferred over conventional buildings for industrial construction due to its fast construction. Following is the comparison between Pre-Engineered building and Conventional Buildings for steel structures, which shows advantages of pre-engineered buildings over conventional buildings. What are Pre-engineered ...

Short Column Effect in Multi-Storey Buildings

Short column posses high stiffness that attracts most of the force acting on the multi-story building. Inadequate design of short column to sustain these forces will result in damage and shear failure. This behaviour of the short column under excessive ...

What is Slab, Beam, Column, and Footing Construction?

Clearly, buildings are composed of various structure elements such as slabs, beams, columns, and footings. Each of these structural members play certain role in a structure.This article presents various aspects of these structural members for instance their function, types of ...