METHODS OF ANALYSIS OF FRAMES

Elastic analysis deals with the study of strength and behavior of the members and structure at working loads. Frames can be analyzed by various methods. However, the method of analysis adopted depends upon the types of frame, its configuration (portal ...

STRUCTURAL DESIGN PHILOSOPHIES

Working stress method (WSM) Ultimate load method (ULM) Limit state method (LSM)1. Working stress method (WSM):- This was the traditional method of design not only for reinforced concrete, but also for structural steel and timber design. The method basically assumes that ...

STRUCTURAL DESIGN PROCESS

The entire process of structural planning and design requires not only imagination and conceptual thinking but also sound knowledge of practical aspects, such as recent design codes and bye-laws, backed up by ample experience, institution and judgment. It is emphasized that ...

RCC SLAB CASTING – WORK PROCEDURE

Materials and Machinery usedBatching plant. Transit mixer Concrete pump Vibrators Chute and CI PipesScope of the workMarking the slab Placing the reinforcement Form work for slab Placing the concreteReinforcementIt shall be as per BBS prepared according to approved drawing. The R/F shifting and binding shall be started ...

CFRP LAMINATES FOR SHEAR STRENGTHENING OF CONCRETE BEAMS

The use of Near Surface mounted Reinforcement for concrete structures are not a new invention. A type of NSMR has been used since the 1940s, where steel reinforcement is placed in slots in the concrete cover or in addition concrete ...

BEAM CHARACTERISTICS

There are a number of properties of a beam that an Engineer should be aware of as they dictate beam behaviour when subject to a load and ultimately represent possible areas or mechanisms for failure. The main ones being:...

CRACKING IN WALLS

There are cracks in all buildings, some minor and insignificant, some requiring expensive repairs and in some extreme cases the only solution is total demolition of the building.This article is intended to put ...

MOMENT DISTRIBUTION METHOD OF ANALYSIS

In the moment distribution method, every joint of the structure to be analysed is fixed so as to develop the fixed-end moments. Then each fixed joint is sequentially released and the fixed-end moments (which by the time of release are ...

DEVELOPMENT LENGTH OF BARS

The development length may be defined as the length of the bar required on either side of the section to develop the required stress in steel at that ...

RELIABILITY-BASED DESIGN

Reliability?“BEST bus services are very reliable”“BMC water supply is not very reliable”“In Mumbai, Western Railway’s service is more reliable than ...