Types of Coastal Protection Structures and their Details

The main and prime reason to construct coastal protection structures is to protect harbor and other infrastructures from sea wave effects such as erosion. Not only are they useful for changing current and sand movements but also to redirect rivers ...

What is Structural Failures of Concrete Structures?

Structural failures in concrete structures, a part of human failures, occur as long as man and structure exists. In the past man’s comprehension of the structural response was simple and straight; but in today’ complexity of the man and his ...

Demolition Methods and Process for Building Structures

Demolition of buildings and structures are required for various reasons. Demolition methods and processes for buildings and other structures are described. As we know that every design of a building or a structure has a lifespan know as design life. The ...

Advantages of Timber Roof Trusses in Building Construction

Wood or Timber roof trusses are widely used in USA, Canada and other countries because of its advantages over other trusses, as it offers great flexibility in plan layout. Be it a residential, industrial, commercial or an institutional building, roof of ...

Gabion Wall Design – Materials and Applications of Gabion Wall

What is a Gabion Wall? Gabion walls are gravity structures that are considerably flexible, environmentally friendly, cost effective, permeable, atheistically pleasing. It can be constructed as stepped front face or smoothed front face as shown in Figure 1. ...

WHAT IS AN ARCH? WHAT ARE COMPONENTS OF AN ARCH?

What is an arch? An arch is a structure constructed in curved shape with wedge shaped units (either bricks or stones), which are jointed together with mortar, and provided at openings to support the weight of the wall above ...

TYPES OF ARCHES CONSTRUCTION

Types of arches based on shape, material of construction, workmanship and number of centers are discussed here. An arch is constructed in curved shape due to which loads from above is distributed to supports (pier or abutment). Types of Arches Arches ...

INTAKE STRUCTURES AND TYPES OF INTAKES

What are Intake Structures? Intake structures are used for collecting water from the surface sources such as river, lake, and reservoir and conveying it further to the water treatment plant. These structures are masonry or concrete structures and provides ...

TYPES OF REINFORCED CONCRETE RETAINING WALL

Retaining wall are generally used to retain earth or other material to maintain unequal levels on two faces. The material on the back face is called backfill. Retaining walls are used in the construction of basement below ground level, wing walls ...