# Flexible Pavement Design by California Bearing Ratio (CBR) Method

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Flexible pavement design by CBR method is used to determine the total thickness of pavement. Generally there are two methods to design the pavement from CBR (California bearing ratio) value. They are 1. CBR method recommended by California state of highways 2. CBR method recommended by IRC

## CBR method recommended by California state of highways:

### Data required for flexible pavement design:

a. CBR value of soil subgrade b. CBR value of sub base course c. CBR value of base course d. Wheel load in KG or KN Wheel load is classified into three groups based on traffic conditions.
• Light traffic(3175 KG)
• Medium traffic(4082 KG)
• Heavy traffic (5443 KG)

### Flexible Pavement Design Procedure:

Calculation of total thickness (T): From the below chart for given CBR value of soil subgrade and Wheel load value select appropriate thick curve value of â€ścombined thickness of surface, base and sub-base lineâ€ť which will give the total thickness of pavement. Calculation of sub base course thickness (tsb): By using the above chart, for give CBR value of sub base course material and for wheel load read the thickness of pavement which is above the soil sub base. It is denoted as (Tsb). Which is highlighted by circle in the below fig. but here we have to find tsb. Therefore, thickness of sub base course tsb =T â€“ Tsb Calculation of base course thickness (tb): Similar to the above procedure, from the CBR value of base course and wheel load read the value of thickness of pavement which is above the base course (ts). From this we can find out the value of tb. tb = Tsb - ts Therefore all the values of pavement are known and cross section of pavement is as follows.

## CBR method recommended by IRC (Indian road congress):

In this method, the chart contains several curves (A, B, C, D, E, F, and G) which represents the different levels of traffic intensities. Based on this we will find out the layers thicknesses.

#### Data required for design:

a. CBR value of soil subgrade b. CBR value of sub base course c. CBR value of base course d. Traffic intensity

### Flexible Pavement Design Procedure:

Calculation of total thickness (T): In this step, firstly for the given value of traffic intensity select appropriate curve from classification table which is shown in the below chart. Now, from the given CBR value of subgrade soil read the total thickness (T) with respect to selected curve. Calculation of sub base course thickness (tsb): By using the above chart, for give CBR value of sub base course material and for traffic intensity value read the thickness of pavement which is above the soil sub base. It is denoted as (Tsb). Which is highlighted by circle in the below fig. but here we have to find tsb. Therefore, thickness of sub base course tsb =T â€“ Tsb Calculation of base course thickness (tb): Repeat the above procedure again, from the CBR value of base course and from traffic intensity value read the value of thickness of pavement which is above the base course (ts). From this we can find out the value of tb. tb = Tsb - ts Therefore all the values of pavement are known and cross section of pavement is as follows. Read More: Flexible Pavement Design by Semi Empirical Method Flexible Pavement Design by Group Index Method Flexible Pavement Composition and Structure Types of Pavement - Flexible and Rigid Pavement