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Classification of Canals based on Different Factors

A canal is an artificial channel constructed to convey water from rivers, reservoirs, etc. for several purposes like power generation, navigation, irrigation, etc. Canals are classified into different types based on factors such as nature of supply source, functions, type ...

Lacey’s Silt Theory of Canals

Lacey investigated the stability conditions of different alluvial channels and came up with Lacey’s silt theory which explains about the different regime conditions of a channel such as true regime, initial regime, and final regime and the design ...

Cistern and its Types

A cistern is an element of canal fall and it is provided on the downstream portion to dissipate the surplus energy of water leaving the crest.  The purpose of a

Metering Flume and its Types

A Metering flume or flow measuring flume is an artificial channel section which is used to measure the discharge of a channel. Flumes are of different types and can be made up of materials such as aluminum, fiberglass, ...

Groynes and their Classification

A groyne is a rigid hydraulic structure built either from the shore (in case of seas) or bank (in case of rivers) in order to dissipate the wave energy or to protect the banks from erosion by

Factors Affecting Selection of Canal Lining

Canal lining is provided to prevent the seepage losses of water. Canal lining can be constructed using a variety of materials. There are some factors to be considered while selecting good canal lining material and those factors are ...

Canal Linings – Types and Advantages

Canal Linings are provided in canals to resist the flow of water through its bed and sides. These can be constructed using different materials such as compacted earth, cement, concrete, plastics, boulders, bricks etc. The main advantage of canal lining ...