Different types of drawings is used in construction such as architectural drawings, structural, electrical, plumbing and finishing drawings. These drawings provides layout plans and details for construction of each and every part of the building.
Drawings plays an important role in the construction field to convey the ideologies and perspective of the designer to the layman at site. The drawings may be used to indicate the overall appearance, inside or outside the structure, or they may be used to indicate precise measurements and other details for construction.
Types of Construction Drawings
1. Architectural Drawing
1.1 Site Plan
This is primary drawing used for marking out the plan on the ground. It represents the location, orientation and information about the site’s topography, landscaping utilities ,and site work.
1.2 Working Plan
1.3 Section Drawings
1.4 Elevation Drawing
2. Structural Drawing
2.1 General Note
This is more of a codes and by laws of the buildings. No drawing is found in this, but the details of all the structural drawings are mention in this such as concrete mix, lapping length, curing time, abbreviation, codes and other work procedures.
2.2 Excavation Drawing
This drawing represents the footing excavation dimension, column position, footing plan and grid lines of column.
2.3 Column Layout
This drawing represents the position and orientation of columns and column reinforcement details.
2.4 Plinth Beam Layout
This drawing represents the dimensions, position and section of plinth beam and the details of reinforcement in plinth beam.
2.4 Lintel Beam Layout
This drawing represents the dimensions, position and section of lintel beam and the details of reinforcement in lintel beam.
2.5 Roof Beam and Shuttering Layout
This drawing represents the details of reinforcement of roof beam, its section and shuttering details.
2.6 Roof Slab Layout
This drawing represents the details of reinforcement of roof slab, its section and openings in the roof for various purpose such as stairs or skylight.
3. Electrical Drawing
Electrical drawing represent the details of electrical fixtures, location of switches, fan, light and others. It also represents the load calculation, tapping for electricity, wiring path and other interventions such as AC and UPS and its components.
4. Plumbing Drawing
Plumbing drawings give the location of sanitary, piping for water supply system, fixture, and the process to connect every fixture.
5. Finishing Drawings
Finishing drawings represents the finish type of every component of the building such as flooring pattern, painting color, false ceiling shape, plastering texture and elevation design. These details are sometime given in elevation drawings also.
There is no standard rule of drawings required for a project. Depending upon the type of building and requirement, types of drawings are made and issued .