Different types of drawings is used in construction such as architectural drawings, structural, electrical, plumbing and finishing drawings. These drawings provides layout plans and details for construction of each and every part of the building.
Drawings plays an important role in the construction field to convey the ideologies and perspective of the designer to the layman at site. The drawings may be used to indicate the overall appearance, inside or outside the structure, or they may be used to indicate precise measurements and other details for construction.
- Types of Construction Drawings
- 1. Architectural Drawing
- 2. Structural Drawing
- 3. Electrical Drawing
- 4. Plumbing Drawing
- 5. Finishing Drawings
Types of Construction Drawings
There are different type of drawing used for the construction process. Depending upon the purpose they serve, construction drawings are divided into 5 types,
1. Architectural Drawing
Architectural drawing can be termed as the mother drawing for all the other drawings used for construction. It contains all the details of the project such as location site plan, setting out plan, elevations, sections and other details.
1.1 Site PlanThis is primary drawing used for marking out the plan on the ground. It represents the location, orientation and information about the site’s topography, landscaping utilities ,and site work.
1.2 Working Plan
This drawing gives the information of horizontal dimensions of the building, thickness of walls, clear spaces inside the building and column locations. it also shows the openings required in the building such as doors, windows and ventilators.
1.3 Section Drawings
Section drawings represents the material of construction to be used, heights and measurement of the different components of buildings, type of structural components such as type of slab , etc. Its represents the drawing when the building is cut through a vertical plane.
1.4 Elevation Drawing
Elevation drawing represents the information of openings, size and shape of external surface, height of building and finish of the building after completion. These drawings are made by having a aesthetic view of the building.
2. Structural Drawing
Structural drawings can be termed as the backbone drawing of the building. It consists all the information about the structural intervention that are coming on a building. It contains many type of drawing with very minute details and description.