Types of Walls
Following are various types of walls used in building construction:
1. Load Bearing Wall
It carries loads imposed on it from beams and slabs above including its own weight and transfer it to the foundation. These walls supports structural members such as beams, slabs and walls on above floors above. It can be exterior wall or interior wall. It braces from the roof to the floor.
Types of Load Bearing Wall
- Precast Concrete Wall
- Retaining Wall
- Masonry Wall
- Pre Panelized Load Bearing Metal Stud Walls
- Engineering Brick Wall (115mm, 225mm)
- Stone Wall
- As the height of the building increased, required thickness of wall and resulting stress on foundation will also increase and cause it to be uneconomical.
Able To Carry Other Structure Weight Beside Its Own Weight
Removing a section of a load bearing wall to create a pass-through requires adding a new beam and columns to support the floor above.
Fig: Pre Panelized Load Bearing Metal Stud Walls
2. Non Load Bearing Wall
Non-load bearing walls only carry their own weight and does not support any structural members such as beams and slabs. These walls are just used as partition walls or to separate rooms from outside. It is known as interior wall (doesn’t carry other load than its own load.
Types of non load bearing wall
3. Cavity Walls
It is a wall constructed in 2 leaves / skins with a space / cavity between them. A type of building wall construction consisting of an outer wall fastened to inner wall separated by an air space. Cavity walls helps to prevent the penetration of rain to the internal surface of the wall.
4. Shear Wall
Shear walls are a framed wall designed to resist lateral forces. It is a vertical elements of the horizontal force resisting system. It is used to resist wind and earthquake loading on a building. It is typically a wood frame stud walls covered with a structural sheathing material like plywood.
5. Partition Wall
Partition wall is an interior non-load bearing wall to divide the larger space into smaller spaces. The heights of a partition wall depends on the use which may be one storey or part of one storey. These walls are made up of glass, fiber boards or brick masonry.
6. Panel Wall
Panel wall is generally made of wood and is an exterior non-load bearing wall in framed construction. It is used for aesthetics of the buildings both inside and outside. It remains totally supported at each storey but subjected to lateral loads.
7. Veneered Walls
Masonry veneer walls is a single non-structural external masonry wall made of brick, stone or manufactured stone. It has an air space behind and is called as anchored veneer.
8. Faced Wall
Faced walls has the facing and backing of two different materials are bonded together to ensure common action under load.