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23 Different Green Building Materials

23 Different Green Building Materials

The aim of using green building materials is to construct energy-efficient structures and to build those structures one should be aware of different green building materials, their properties and how they contribute into saving energy.Green Building Materials used in ConstructionFollowing ...

Viscosity Modifying Admixtures (VMAs) in Concrete

Viscosity Modifying Admixtures (VMAs) in Concrete

Viscosity Modifying admixtures or VMAs are the admixtures used to change the properties such as viscosity, workability, cohesiveness etc. of fresh concrete. Function of VMA and Applications in different types of concretes are discussed below. Function of Viscosity Modifying Admixture (VMA) ...

Concrete Laitance- Causes, Removal, vs Efflorescence

Concrete Laitance- Causes, Removal, vs Efflorescence

Concrete laitance is a layer of weak and nondurable cement and fine particles originated from aggregate. These materials are moved upward due to movement of moisture (bleeding) through concrete because of the presence of too much mixing water. The quantity of ...

Dry Pack Mortar- Applications and Advantages

Dry Pack Mortar- Applications and Advantages

Dry pack mortar, which is also called deck mud or floor mud, is a mixture of sand, cement, and water. It is used to repair small spots, creating thick bed mortar for tile and brick placement, and bed shower installation.The ...

Refractory Mortar – Types and Construction Practice

Refractory Mortar – Types and Construction Practice

Refractory mortar is a specially engineered mixture of sand, calcium aluminate, cement, and fireclay. It is used to lay firebrick in places that are exposed to extremely high temperature. The refractory mortar is utilized only to build fire places and ...

Subgrade and Subbase for Concrete Slabs

Subgrade and Subbase for Concrete Slabs

Subgrade and subbase are the foundation of a concrete slab and play critical role in its performance. According to the ACI Code, the subgrade is a compacted and improved natural soil or brought infill whereas subbase is a layer of ...

Types of Form Ties Used in Formwork

Types of Form Ties Used in Formwork

Formwork for concrete structures is more important in order to get perfect dimensions of structural parts. Accessories used in formwork will also play a key role in it. Form ties are the important accessories of formwork. Different type of form ...