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Design Requirements of Footpath

Design Requirements of Footpath

Design Requirements of Footpath

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A footpath is a type of route designed just for pedestrians and not for other types of traffic such as cars or bicycles. Footpaths are found in a range of locations, including city centres, farms, and mountain ridges. 

Footpath

The footpath is designed for a pedestrian Level of Service (LOS) B, thereby providing wide pedestrian facilities for safe, pleasant, and comfortable walking. However, under resource constraint, LOS (C) may be adopted to decide the footpath's width mentioned in Table-1.

Design Flow in Number of Persons Per Hour

Sl NoWidth of Footpath in mIn Both Direction- LOS BIn Both Direction- LOS CIn One Direction- LOS BIn One Direction- LOS C
11.81350189020252835
221800252027003780
32.52250315033754725
432700378040505670
53.53150441047256615
643600504054007560
Table 1: Capacity of Footpath and Design

The width of footpaths depends upon the pedestrian traffic and may be fixed with the help of the following norms subject to not be less than 1.8 m.

The land use adjacent to roads significantly influences the generation of pedestrian traffic. The recommended width of the footpath along various land uses is given in Table-2.

Sl NoDescriptionWidth in m
1Minimum free walkway width and residential/mixed-use areas1.8
2Commercial/Mixed-use areas2.5
3Shopping frontages3.5 to 4.5
4Bus stops3
5High-intensity commercial areas4
Table 2: Required Width of Footpath as per Adjacent Land Use

Footpath and pathways shall meet the following design requirements:

  1. The footpath shall be smooth, hard, and have a levelled surface suitable for walking and wheeling.
  2. Irregular surfaces such as cobblestones, coarsely exposed aggregate concrete, bricks, etc., often cause bumpy rides and shall be avoided.
  3. The gradient of the pathway must not exceed 1:20.
  4. If the slope of a footpath on an accessible route exceeds 1:20, it shall be designed and constructed as a ramp.
  5. The cross-fall gradient over an accessible route must not exceed 1:50 (20 mm/m) unless it is coupled with a dropped curb.
  6. The length of the pathway shall not exceed 30 m.
  7. When the length of the pathways exceeds 60 meters, a rest space in the form of chairs or resting seats should be provided at 30 m intervals. 
  8. Seat height should be between 450 and 500 mm for comfort, with a 700 mm backrest and armrests. One side of seating may be without an armrest to address the transfer needs of persons with disabilities. In addition, a color contrast should be provided around the seating area for ease of identification by persons with low vision.
  9. The safety of cyclists and pedestrians shall be addressed by encouraging the construction of segregated rights of way for bicycles and pedestrians.
  10. Manholes and gratings should be avoided in the walkway.
  11. The width of the main means of access pathway should be 3 m in special housing schemes for low-income groups and economically weaker parts of society created up to a two-story row/cluster housing plan.

Drainage of Pathway

  1. The cross-fall of a level or sloped path, a ramp, a stepped path, or a landing is provided to permit surface water drainage.
  2. The top, bottom, and landings of steps and ramps shall be properly trained to avoid water flowing down steps and ramps.
  3. A dished channel is not permitted to be built inside the confines of a ramp or walkway.
  4. The dished channels shall have a maximum width of 150 mm and a maximum drop into the gulley of 5 mm. A drainage grating within the boundaries of a path or a ramp shall be set flush with the surface.
Footpath drainage

FAQs

What is the minimum width of the footpath?

The width of footpaths depends upon the pedestrian traffic and may be fixed with the help of the following norms subject to not be less than 1.8 m.

What is the minimum gradient to be maintained in a footpath?

The gradient of the pathway shall not exceed 1:20.

What is the alternative method if the slope of a footpath exceeds 1:20?

If the slope of a footpath on an accessible route exceeds 1:20, it shall be designed and constructed as a ramp.

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