The responsibility of a contractor in construction is the execution of the work activities that are required for the completion of the project. The roles and responsibilities of contractors manifest themselves in various aspects of the project for instance project planning, management, monitoring, construction site safety, and legal issues.

The contractor also appoint subcontractor, who have special expertise, to execute certain parts of the project that cannot be constructed by the contractor. Subcontractors involve in construction processes based on services that they provide in the course of a construction project.

A contractor is a person or an organization hired by the client to complete the project. In summary, the roles and responsibilities of contractors have many different levels since they carry out broad range of tasks and manage numerous individuals.

Role and Responsibility of Contractor

The roles and responsibilities of contractors may be slightly different from a project to another, but a general roles and responsibilities of contractors are nearly the same which are presented below:

1. Project Planning Responsibilities

  • Plan important project development and implementation in advance.
  • Determination and estimation of various issues in the project such as needed materials, equipment.
  • Anticipation of any potential modification in the project.
  • Making sure that health and safety specifications are followed.
  • Practicing excellent communication between all parties involved in the construction such as client and subcontractors.
  • Determine legal and regulatory requirements.
Project Planing
Fig. 1: Project Planing

2. Project Management

  • Manage the budget for the completion of construction activities.
  • Main contractor is responsible to find and hire right subcontractors and individuals to complete the job.
  • Main contractor with cooperation of subcontractors need to manage equipment, materials, and other services required for smooth flow of the project.
  • Manage generated waste
  • Submit bills based on terms of contract documents.
Project Management
Fig. 2: Project Management

3. Project Monitoring

  • Monitor project in terms of time schedule, safety, work quality, and other project-related details as specified in the project contract.
  • Review, modify, and update the project prgramme dependent on latest changes and feedback.
  • Practice economic construction techniques
  • Monitoring safety related issues.

4. Legal and Regulatory Responsibilities

  • Contractor is responsible for building permits application
  • Ensure that the project is in compliance with required legal and regulatory issues
  • Making sure the project is in compliance with all the necessary legal and regulatory issues.

5. Health and Safety Responsibilities

  • Guarantee viable safety policy to ensure health and safety in the workplace. This may involve risk management strategies, emergency response system, and other preventive means for construction site safety.
  • Make sure that all individual at construction site utilize safety equipment.
  • Provide safety awareness to workers.

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