The Constructor

Perforated Masonry Construction

PERFORATED MASONRY CONSTRUCTION

PERFORATED MASONRY CONSTRUCTION

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Perforated masonry is a masonry wall or panel constructed using solid bricks with gaps between adjacent brick units. These gaps are either filled with a non-load-bearing material or left as an opening. 

Figure-1: Perforated Masonry Using Bricks

Perforated masonry construction has a high permeability to air, noise, heat, and light, constituting a passive design strategy for improving the overall thermal conditions. 

Perforated masonry is used in walls or facade construction, mainly as a non-load bearing structure. It uses different block units and patterns and is a part of contemporary Paraguayan architecture.

This article discusses the important features and applications of perforated masonry in construction.

Features of Perforated Masonry 

Figure-2: Compressive Stress in the Vertical Direction of Bricks
Image Credits: Research Gate

Applications of Perforated Masonry Construction

Perforated masonry walls have been used to partially block the sun to tackle hot climates. The main applications of perforated masonry construction are in:

  1. Educational buildings: It is used as curtain walls for light and air exposure. For example, the London School of Economics, where the perforated masonry brick curtain wall reaches a height of up to 20 meters (Figure-3). This design does not have any load-bearing function.
Figure-3: New Student Centre, London School of Economics
  1. Sacral architecture: It is used in prayer rooms to bring interesting lighting effects to the interiors. Another famous example is a crematorium in Askar, Norway (Figure-4). Here, openly-gaped masonry pillars are constructed to support the slab.
Figure-4: Crematorium in Askar, Norway
  1. Facade construction: Figure-5 shows a two-story building provided with a new double skin of glass and brick panels to balance views, light, and connection to the outdoors.
Figure-5: Saadat Abad Residential Building

Perforated masonry construction, either as a wall or panels, is gaining popularity in areas where a large amount of natural ventilation is crucial.

FAQs

What is perforated masonry construction?

Perforated masonry is a masonry wall or panel constructed using solid bricks with gaps between adjacent brick units. These gaps are either filled with a non-load-bearing material or left as an opening. 

What are the applications of perforated masonry construction?

Perforated masonry walls or facades have been used to partially block the sun to tackle hot climates. These are used in facades of educational buildings, non-load-bearing structures in sacred architecture, and special buildings.

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