Discy Latest Articles

Efflorescence on Concrete – Causes, Prevention and Removal

Efflorescence on Concrete – Causes, Prevention and Removal

Efflorescence in concrete is a whitish coloured powdered deposition of salts on the concrete surface that is formed due to evaporation of water from the concrete. It is caused when water soluble salts are present in the concrete material, which ...

Lime Soil Stabilization Method and Factors Affecting it

Lime Soil Stabilization Method and Factors Affecting it

Lime-Soil stabilization is the process of adding lime to the soil to improve its properties like density, bearing capacity etc. Various factors affecting lime-soil stabilization are soil type, lime type, lime content used, compaction, curing period and additives which are ...

Subgrade and Subbase for Concrete Slabs

Subgrade and Subbase for Concrete Slabs

Subgrade and subbase are the foundation of a concrete slab and play critical role in its performance. According to the ACI Code, the subgrade is a compacted and improved natural soil or brought infill whereas subbase is a layer of ...

Differences Between Coarse-Grained and Fine-Grained Soil

Differences Between Coarse-Grained and Fine-Grained Soil

Coarse-grained soil and fine-grained soil are two different types of soil that can be identified based on their texture or ‘feel’ and particle size. It is very crucial to observe the range of particle sizes in soil as it heavily ...

Types of Material Used in Pile Foundation

Types of Material Used in Pile Foundation

Different types of material used in the pile foundation are cement, steel, timber and plastic which are a slender, structural member installed in the ground to transfer the structural loads to soils at some significant depth below the base of the ...

Consolidation Test on Soil by Consolidometer or Oedometer

Consolidation Test on Soil by Consolidometer or Oedometer

Consolidation Test is used to determine the rate and magnitude of settlement in soils. The settlement values obtained by this test are due to primary consolidation only which is 90% of the total consolidation. The results of consolidation test are ...

Different Types of Soil – Sand, Silt, Clay and Loam

Different Types of Soil –  Sand, Silt, Clay and Loam

Soil can be defined in many ways. In civil engineering, soil is a naturally occurring, loose/un-cemented/weakly cemented/relatively unconsolidated mineral particles, organic or inorganic in character, lying over the bed rock which is formed by weathering of rocks. Soil is formed ...