Beams are long and slender structural elements, differing from truss elements in that they are called on to support transverse as well as axial loads. Their attachment points can also be more complicated than those of truss elements: they may be bolted or welded together, so the attachments can transmit bending moments or transverse forces into the beam. Beams are among the most common of all structural elements, being the supporting frames of airplanes, buildings, cars, people, and much else.
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