What commands and tools are used in GIS to develop land development and urban planning and housing?
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GIS stands for Geographic Information System.
In a simple world you can call GIS a digital and interactive encyclopedia of earth’s geography. GIS is basically a combination of software and hardware working together to provide information.
It is very useful for civil engineers as it has a vast list of applications. Apart from the civil engineering aspect, GIS has an endless list of uses. Few of them are mentioned below.
“If you are going to some unknown place, you will find yourself using a GIS in the form of mobile maps or navigation systems.”
Urban Planning: GIS innovation is utilized to examine the urban development and its course of extension, and to discover appropriate sites for additional urban developments. So as to identify the sites appropriate for urban development, certain elements need to be considered, which is: land should be accessible, land should be pretty much flat, the area should be empty or having low use at present, and it should have a great availability of water.
The 2nd point exlplain well about your question
GIS can help to store, manipulate and analyze physical, social, and economic data of the city. Planners can then use the spatial query and mapping functions of GIS to analyze the existing situation in the city. GIS also helps in identifying changes in geographical features or behaviour of a land over a specified time.