What is the bearing capacity of soil? How can we calculate it?
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The bearing capacity means the soil can transfer the load safely from the foundation to the soil strata without excessive settlement and without any type of failure.
Soil bearing capacity can be identify by some test:
Those all test are conducted at site to identify soil bearing capacity.
Two criteria majorly accounted for foundation failure
With the previous answer, I would like to add the following.
Bearing capacity plays a major role in the foundation design of a structure. Bearing capacity (kN/sq.m) is the maximum load that the soil can take per unit area without failure, displacement, or yielding. Bearing capacity depends on the soils structure, density, permeability, porosity, and shear strength. Mostly, based on the bearing capacity, we arrive at the type and dimensions on the footing,
The tests have already been included in the answer by Vivek Patel.
To know more about, bearing capacity of soils,