Differentiate between plain and reinforced concrete. Among these to which one gives more strength?
Join TheConstructor to ask questions, answer questions, write articles, and connect with other people. When you join you get additional benefits.
Log in to TheConstructor to ask questions, answer people’s questions, write articles & connect with other people. When you join you get additional benefits.
Lost your password? Please enter your email address. You will receive a link and will create a new password via email.
Concrete is the basis of much of Civilization’s Infrastructure and much of its physical development. It is almost twice as much concrete is used throughout the world than all other building materials combined use.
Difference between PCC and RCC:
PLAIN CEMENT CONCRETE (PCC): – It is also called Cement Concrete (CC) or Binding Concrete.
This is a construction material which consists of Cement, Sand, Aggregate (Coarse and Fine) , Water and Admixtures.
· It is used for providing a rigid, level space and impervious bed to RCC in foundation.
· It is also used under flooring (stone, tile, wooden flooring etc., ).
· It is good at resisting compression.
· It can be used over Brick flat soiling or without Brick flat soiling.
· It is also used as filler like lump concrete which is mixer of Boulder and PCC.
Thickness: PCC is normally between 50 to 75 mm
Concrete Ratio: Normally used proportions are 1:2:4, 1:3:6, 1:4:8
Unit: Cubic Meter (Cum)
REINFORCED CEMENT CONCRETE (RCC) :-
Concrete is material with a mix of Cement, Sand, Aggregate and Water, that is good for Compression not in Tension….
To resolve this critical issue by reinforcing steel, by casting wet concrete around strong steel bars. When the concrete set and hardens around the bars, we get a new composite material, REINFORCED CONCRETE (RCC). So it is a good material which works good either in Compression or Tension.
Concrete resists squeezing due to compressive strength and Steel resists bending and stretching due to tensile strength. This enhance ductility, reduce long term deflections or increase the flexural capacity for beams.
Reinforced concrete acts as a composite material inside another where steel bars provide the reinforcement to the concrete.
Usually TMT Steel bars are used which are firmly anchored inside the concrete without the risk of slipping. We use steel because it prevents excessive cracking resulting from shrinkage or temperature variation (hot and cold temperature) . Lateral reinforcement as ties and stirrups are used to provide resistance to principal tensile stresses resulting from shear resistance.
Thickness: RCC thickness depends as per design requirements.
Concrete Ratio: It can be nominal mix or design mix, depends on site requirements.
Unit: Cubic Meter (Cum)
High tensile steel bars
Included with tension
No tension included
Post-Tensioning → M30
Pre-Tensioning → M40
to resist high stresses
High strength steel to transfer large prestressing force
Steel → MS
Cracks don’t occur under working loads
Heavy loads & longer spans
Wt is more desired than steel
Pulling jack, Post-tensioning pump, Master wedges, Anchhor head & bearing
More strength & less c/s area
As length of span gets ↑
Cost % ↑
C/s area of beam ↓
Plain cement concrete (PCC) is simply concrete by definition. It is cement + water + fine aggregates + coarse aggregates. It is the ordinary concrete without any kind of reinforcement. However, pozzolans, admixtures, etc. may be included in the mix.
Reinforced cement concrete (RCC) is PCC + reinforcement. The reinforcement is generally steel bars bent and laid into the desired shape and orientation. The reinforcement can be both tensile or compressive reinforcement depending upon the situation. However, mostly both are used in any structural member. It is rare to find an RCC structure with only either tensile or compressive reinforcement.
In terms of strength, naturally, RCC is stronger because the reinforcement helps in load-carrying capacity.
PCC is weaker and is only used for layering surfaces like plastering work or flooring and most importantly in the layering if excavation to cast footings.