What are the purpose and usage of Plasticizers?
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Plasticizers are the admixtures used to mix in cement to improve their qualities and make them suitable for construction.
It’s effects on concrete:
1)Reduce the water/cement ratio without any effect on workability.
2)It increase setting time. It allows transit mixers to transport concrete too long distances.
3)To avoid cracks and shrinkage in concrete, plasticizer and superplasticizer are used.
It depends upon the type of cement and aggregate quality.
Hope, you got your answer.
Plasticizers are generally colorless liquids which are relatively nonvolatile. In other words, plasticizer is a substance that is added to the material to make it softer and more flexible. Plasticizers are commonly added to polymers such as plastics and rubbers, to facilitate the handling of the raw materials during fabrication.
The purpose and usage of plasticizer are as follows ;
Plasticizers or high range water reducers, or simply water reducers, as the name suggests, serve the basic purpose of reducing the water requirement of concrete. Thus, the purpose is to improve workability without compensation or even an increase of strength. The concrete strength is inversely proportional to the w/c (water-cement ratio). But a certain amount of water has to be provided to ensure the complete hydration of cement and proper workability of concrete. What plasticizers do, us that they reduce this certain required amount. Hence, strength increases. On the contrary, if you don’t reduce water, with the addition of plasticizers, you get bonus workability!
The uses are :
Thank you Kuldeep singh. It is really helpful
1. To accomplish a higher quality by diminishing the water/concrete proportion at a similar functionality as that of an admixture free blend.
2. To accomplish a similar workability by diminishing the concrete and to lessen the warmth of hydration in the mass cement.
3. To build the workability to give ease in putting concrete in difficult to reach areas.
The utilization of plasticizer is found to improve the attractive characteristics of the plastic or green cement. For making reinforced concrete or mass cement of higher workability these days, it has become a standard practice to utilize plasticizer or superplasticizer. These days the utilization of superplasticizer has become a widespread practice to lessen the water/concrete proportion for the given workability. The decrease in water/concrete proportion builds the quality and improves the sturdiness of the concrete. Now and again, plasticizers are utilized to diminish the concrete substance and warmth of hydration in mass cement.
Thank you . It is really helpful
Plasticizer is used to increase workability in concrete. Due to plasticizer, we can reduce the water-cement ratio up to a certain limit.
Basically, water-cement ratio is used for workability and hydration of cement.
If the water-cement ratio is higher, the chances of shrinkage crack increases and also the chance of porous concrete formation due to free water in concrete.
If the water-cement ratio is less than 0.4, then water is insufficient to complete the hydration process of cement, so we required a minimum water-cement ratio is 0.4
The third point is workability; if the water-cement ratio is minimum or Less, then we get less workability, and if we have a higher water-cement ratio, then we get good workability.
The best water-cement ratio is 0.4, but for workability, we add some plasticizer to the concrete. due to plasticizer, we get higher workability
Usage of plasticizer is
Plasticisers are used for for following purposes :
Various manufacturers are in the business and they offer technical support as well.