Purpose of providing bridge column casing is to improve its ductility, shear and flexural capacity. Methods of column casing, details and uses are discussed.
Foundation structures are subjected to different types of attacks from underground water and soils and hence necessary protection measures are required.
Visual inspection is the most widely used method for inspection of underwater reinforced concrete structures. This technique is economical, and it neither time consuming...
Various types of cracks in masonry buildings such as in walls, mortar joints, foundations, slabs, columns, their causes and repair methods is discussed.
There are different types of building maintenance works carried out for durable building structures. These building maintenance works with special treatments are discussed.
The trenchless renewal methods and innovations in construction is still developing. The trenchless renewal method helps in providing facilities like replacement, rehabilitation, renovation or...
Several methods are used for repair of underwater concrete structure. These methods with procedure for repair of underwater concrete structures is discussed