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Structures on the earth are generally subjected to load of two types static and dynamic. Static loads are constant with time while dynamic loads are time varying. The majority of civil engineering structures are designed with assumptions that all applied ...Continue reading
Working stress method (WSM) Ultimate load method (ULM) Limit state method (LSM)1. Working stress method (WSM):- This was the traditional method of design not only for reinforced concrete, but also for structural steel and timber design. The method basically assumes that ...Continue reading
The entire process of structural planning and design requires not only imagination and conceptual thinking but also sound knowledge of practical aspects, such as recent design codes and bye-laws, backed up by ample experience, institution and judgment. It is emphasized that ...Continue reading