The Constructor - Civil Engineering Home for Civil Engineers

The Constructor - Civil Engineering Home provides informational resources to Civil Engineers around the globe on various subjects such as construction management, Structural Engineering, Building Construction Tips, How to Guides for Civil Engineers etc.

Grading of Bitumen- Different Methods of Bitumen Grading

There are different methods of grading of bitumen such as chewing, penetration grading, viscosity grading and superpave performance grading of bitumen which are discussed in this article. History of Bitumen Grading The correlation between the bitumen stiffness and temperature varies with the ...

Viscosity of Bituminous Materials – Measurements and Factors

Introduction to Viscosity and Rheology of Bituminous Materials The resistance of a liquid in flowing is defined as the viscosity of that fluid. Under the action of force, the fluid reflects higher resistance when the viscosity is high. The two factors ...

Inspection of Underwater Concrete Structures -Methods, Types and Purpose

Inspection of underwater concrete structures is required for maintenance and repair works. Methods, types and objectives of underwater concrete structure inspection is discussed. The service life of any underwater concrete structure for example bridges and wharves and other marine structures are ...